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Psychopathology Following Interpersonal Violence: A Comparison of Risk Factors in Older and Younger Adults

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Journal of Clinical Geropsychology

Abstract

A randomly selected sample of 549 women age 55 years and older and 2,669 women age 18–34 years was interviewed via telephone to determine prevalences of physical and sexual assault, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology, and depression. Prevalences of sexual and physical assaults were lower in older compared to younger women. In addition, given a trauma, prevalences and proportionate risk of posttraumatic psychopathology and depression were also lower for older, relative to younger women. Specifically, multivariate analyses revealed that sexual assault predicted only PTSD avoidance in older adults, but all forms of PTSD symptomatology and depression in younger adult women. Similarly, physical assault predicted only PTSD re-experiencing symptoms in older women, but all forms of PTSD symptoms and depression in younger women. Self-reported health status was not associated with any increased risk of psychopathology, and low income predicted increased avoidance and depression only in younger women.

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Acierno, R., Brady, K., Gray, M. et al. Psychopathology Following Interpersonal Violence: A Comparison of Risk Factors in Older and Younger Adults. Journal of Clinical Geropsychology 8, 13–23 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1013041907018

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