Journal of Traumatic Stress

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 615–632 | Cite as

Recent Victimization in Women and Men with Severe Mental Illness: Prevalence and Correlates

  • Lisa A. Goodman
  • Michelle P. Salyers
  • Kim T. Mueser
  • Stanley D. Rosenberg
  • Marvin Swartz
  • Susan M. Essock
  • Fred C. Osher
  • Marian I. Butterfield
  • Jeffrey Swanson


The problem of violence against individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) has received relatively little notice, despite several studies suggesting an exceptionally high prevalence of victimization in this population. This paper describes the results of an investigation of the prevalence and correlates of past year physical and sexual assault among a large sample of women and men with SMI drawn from inpatient and outpatient settings across 4 states. Results confirmed preliminary findings of a high prevalence of victimization in this population (with sexual abuse more prevalent for women and physical abuse more prevalent for men), and indicated the existence of a range of correlates of recent victimization, including demographic factors and living circumstances, history of childhood abuse, and psychiatric illness severity and substance abuse. The research and clinical implications of these findings are discussed.

abuse mental illness victimization schizophrenia 


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Copyright information

© International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisa A. Goodman
    • 1
  • Michelle P. Salyers
    • 2
  • Kim T. Mueser
    • 3
  • Stanley D. Rosenberg
    • 3
  • Marvin Swartz
    • 4
  • Susan M. Essock
    • 5
  • Fred C. Osher
    • 6
  • Marian I. Butterfield
    • 7
    • 4
  • Jeffrey Swanson
    • 4
  1. 1.Boston CollegeUSA
  2. 2.Indiana University Purdue University
  3. 3.New-Hampshire Dartmouth Psychiatric Research CenterUSA
  4. 4.Duke UniversityUSA
  5. 5.Mount Sinai School of MedicineUSA
  6. 6.University of Maryland School of MedicineUSA
  7. 7.Department of Veterans AffairsDurham

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