Affleck, G., Tennen, H., Croog, S., and Levine, S. (1987a). Causal attribution, perceived benefits, and morbidity after a heart attack: An 8-year study. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 55: 29-35.
Affleck, G., Tennen, H., Croog, S., and Levine, S. (1987b). Causal attribution, perceived control, and recovery from a heart attack. J. Soc. Clin. Psychol. 5: 339-355.
Affleck, G., Tennen, H., Pfeiffer, C., and Fifield, J. (1987). Appraisals of control and predictability in adapting to a chronic disease. J. Person. Soc. Psychol. 53: 273-279.
American Heart Association (1995). Heart and Stroke Facts, American Heart Association, Dallas.
Anderson, E. A. (1987). Preoperative preparation for cardiac surgery facilitates recovery, reduces psychological distress, and reduces the incidence of acute postoperative hypertension. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 55: 513-520.
Bairey-Merz, C. N., Rozanski, A., and Forrester, J. (1997). The secondary prevention of coronary artery disease. Am. J. Med. 102: 572-581.
Bandura, A. (1989). Social Learning Theory, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Bolman, C., and de Vries, H. (1998). Psychosocial determinants and motivational phases in smoking behavior of cardiac inpatients. Prev. Med. 27: 738-747.
Davis, K. B., Chaitman, B., Ryan, T., Bittner, V., and Kennedy, J. W. (1995). Comparison of 15-year survival for men and women after initial medical or surgical treatment for coronary artery disease: A CASS registry study. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 25: 1000-1009.
DiClemente, C. C., and Prochaska, J. O. (1998). Toward a comprehensive transtheoretical model of change: Stages of change and addictive behaviors. In Miller, W. R., and Heather, N. (eds.), Treating Addictive Behaviors, 2nd edn., Plenum Press, New York, pp. 3-24.
Fitzgerald, T. E., and Prochaska, J. O. (1990). Nonprogressing profiles in smoking cessation: What keeps people refractory to self-change? J. Subst. Abuse 2: 87-105.
Fitzgibbon, G. M., Katka, H. P., Leach, A. J., Keon, W. J., Hooper, D., and Burton, J. R. (1996). Coronary bypass graft fate and patient outcome: Angiographic follow-up of 5,065 grafts related to survival and reoperation in 1,388 patients during 25 years. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 28: 616-626.
Fontaine, K. R., and Cheskin, L. J. (1999). Optimism and obesity treatment outcomes. J. Clin. Psychol. 55: 141-143.
Gattuso, S. M., Litt, M. D., and Fitzgerald, T. E. (1992). Coping with gastrointestinal endoscopy: Self-efficacy enhancement and coping style. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 60: 133-139.
Gillum, B. S., Graves, E. J., and Kozak, L. J. (1996). Trends in hospital utilization: U.S. In Vital Health Statistics, Vol. 13, DC. NCHS, Washington.
Hegelson, V. S., and Fritz, H. L. (1999). Cognitive adaptation as a predictor of new coronary events after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Psychosom. Med. 61: 488-495.
Hemenway, D., Sherman, H., Mudge, G. H., Flatley, M., Lindsey, N. M., and Goldman, L. (1985). Comparative costs versus symptomatic and employment benefits of medical and surgical treatment of stable angina pectoris. Med. Care 23: 133-141.
Linden, W., Stossel, C., and Maurice, J. (1996). Psychosocial interventions in patients with coronary artery disease. Arch. Intern. Med. 156: 745-752.
Litt, M. D., Tennen, H., Affleck, G., and Klock, S. (1992). Coping and cognitive factors in adaptation to in vitro fertilization failure. J. Behav. Med. 15: 171-187.
Mayou, R., and Bryant, B. (1987). Quality of life after coronary artery surgery. Q. J. Med. 62: 239-248.
Motwani, J. G., and Topol, E. J. (1998). Aortocoronary saphenous vein graft disease: Pathogenesis, predisposition, and prevention. Circulation 97: 916-931.
Murray, C. J., and Lopez, A. D. (1997). Mortality by cause for eight regions of the world: Global Burden of Disease Study. Lancet 349: 1269-1276.
Nigg, C. R., Burbank, P. M., Padula, C., Dufresne, R., Rossi, J. S., Velicer, W. F., Laforge, R. G., and Prochaska, J. O. (1999). Stages of change across ten health risk behaviors for older adults. Gerontologist 39: 473-482.
Norman, G. J., Velicer, W. F., Fava, J. L., and Prochaska, J. O. (1998). Dynamic typology clustering within the stages of change for smoking cessation. Addict. Behav. 23: 139-153.
Norman, G. J., Velicer, W. F., Fava, J. L., and Prochaska, J. O. (2000). Cluster subtypes within stages of change in a representative sample of smokers. Addict. Behav. 25: 183-204.
Ornish, D., Brown, S., Scherwitz, L., Billings, G., Armstrong, W., and Ports, T. (1990). Can lifestyle changes reverse coronary heart disease? The Lifestyle Heart Trial. Lancet 336: 129-133.
Prochaska, J. O. (1996). A stage paradigm for integrating clinical and public health approaches to smoking cessation. Addict. Behav. 21: 721-732.
Prochaska, J. O., and DiClemente, C. C. (1985). Common processes of self-change in smoking, weight control, and psychological distress. In Shiffman, S., and Wills, T. (eds.), Coping and Substance Use, Academic Press, New York, pp. 184-218.
Prochaska, J. O., and DiClemente, C. C. (1992). Stages of change in the modification of problem behaviors. In Hersen, M., Eisler, R. M., and Miller, P. M. (eds.), Progress in Behavior Modification, Sage, Newbury Park, CA, pp. 184-218.
Prochaska, J. O., DiClemente, C. C., Velicer, W. F., Ginpil, S. E., and Norcross, J. C. (1985). Predicting change in smoking status for self-changers. Addict. Behav. 10: 395-406.
Prochaska, J. O., Velicer, W. F., DiClemente, C. C., and Fava, J. (1988). Measuring the processes of change: Applications to the cessation of smoking. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 56: 520-528.
Prochaska, J. O., Velicer, W. F., Guadagnoli, E., Rossi, J. S., and DiClemente, C. C. (1991). Patterns of change: Dynamic typology applied to smoking cessation. Multivar. Behav. Res. 26: 83-107.
Prochaska, J. O., Velicer, W. F., Rossi, J. S., Goldstein, M. G., Marcus, B. H., Rakowski, W., Fiore, C., Harlow, L. L., Redding, C. A., Rosenbloom, D., and Rossi, S. R. (1994). Stages of change and decisional balance for 12 problem behaviors. Health Psychol. 13: 39-46.
Radley, A., and Green, R. (1985). Styles of adjustment to coronary graft surgery. Soc. Sci. Med. 20: 461-472.
Rubenstein, E., and Federman, D. O. (1987). Scientific American Medicine, Scientific American, New York.
Scheier, M. F., and Carver, C. S. (1985). Optimism, coping, and health: Assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health Psychol. 4: 219-247.
Scheier, M. F., and Carver, C. S. (1992). Effects of optimism on psychological and physical well-being: Theoretical overview and empirical update. Cogn. Ther. Res. 16: 201-228.
Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., and Bridges, M. W. (1994). Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A reevaluation of the Life Orientation Test. J. Person. Soc. Psychol. 67: 1063-1078.
Scheier, M. F., Matthews, K. A., Owens, J., Magovern, G. L., Lefebvre, R. C., Abbott, R. A., and Carver, C. S. (1989). Dispositional optimism and recovery from coronary artery bypass surgery. J. Person. Soc. Psychol. 57: 1024-1040.
Sergeant, P., LeSaffre, E., Flameng, W., and Suy, R. (1986). Howpredictable iswork resumption after aortocoronary bypass surgery? Acta Cardiol. 41: 41-52.
Stanton, A. L., and Snider, P. R. (1993). Coping with a breast cancer diagnosis: A prospective study. Health psychol. 12: 16-23.
Voors, A. A., van Brussel, B. L., Thijs-Plokker, H. W., Ernst, S. M., Ernst, N. M., Koomen, E. M., Tijssen, J. G., and Vermeullen, F. E. (1996). Smoking and cardiac events after venous coronary bypass surgery: A 15-year follow-up study. Circulation 93: 42-47.
Wallner, S., Watzinger, N., Lindschinger, M., Smolle, K. H., Toplak, H., Eber, B., Dittrich, P., Elmadfa, I., Klein, W., Krejs, G. J., and Wascher, T. C. (1999). Effects of intensified lifestyle modification on the need for further revascularization after coronary angioplasty. Eur. J. Clin. Invest. 29: 372-379.
Wallston, K., and Wallston, B. (1978). Development of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control scales. Health Educ. Monogr. 6: 160-170.
Watson, D., Clark, L. A., and Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS Scale. J. Person. Soc. Psychol. 54: 1063-1070.