The multiple uses of performance appraisal (PA) have been the focus of much research, often yielding conflicting findings and conclusions. This study used an untreated control group design to examine the effects of separating the developmental and evaluative PA uses (in time and by person) on employee attitudes and behavioral intentions. Results indicated no effect on employee attitudes, however, employees in the separated PA group reported they were less likely to use development in the future.
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Boswell, W.R., Boudreau, J.W. Separating the Developmental and Evaluative Performance Appraisal Uses. Journal of Business and Psychology 16, 391–412 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1012872907525