Baral, I., Kora, K., Yuksel, S., & Sezgin, U. (1998). Self-mutilating behavior of sexually abused female adults in Turkey. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 13, 427-437.
Barstow, D. G. (1995). Self-injury and self-mutilation: Nursing approaches. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing, 33, 19-22.
Boudewyn, A. C., & Liem, J. H. (1995a). Childhood sexual abuse as a precursor to depression and self-destructive behavior in adulthood. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 8, 445-459.
Boudewyn, A. C., & Liem, J. H. (1995b). Mental health history form. Unpublished measure, University of Massachusetts Boston.
Brodsky, B. S., Cloitre, M., & Dulit, R. A. (1995). Relationship of dissociation to self-mutilation and childhood abuse in borderline personality disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 1788-1792.
Conterio, K., & Lader, W. (1998). Bodily harm. New York: Hyperion.
Crowne, D., & Marlowe, D. (1960). A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 4, 349-354.
Demitrack, M. A., Putnam, F. W., Brewerton, T. D., Brandt, H. A., & Gold, P. W. (1990). Relation of clinical variables to dissociative phenomena in eating disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 1184-1188.
Dubo, E. D., Zanarini, M. C., Lewis, R. E., & Williams, A. A. (1997). Childhood antecedents of self-destructiveness in borderline personality disorder. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 42, 63-69.
Dulit, R. A., Fyer, M. R., Leon, A. C., Brodsky, B. S., & Frances, A. J. (1994). Clinical correlates of self-mutilation in borderline personality disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 1305-1311.
Dutton, D. G. (1994). Behavioral and affective correlates of borderline personality organization in wife assaulters. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 17, 265-277.
Favazza, A. R. (1989). Normal and deviant self-mutilation: An essay review. Transcultural Psychiatric Research, 26, 113-127.
Favazza, A. R. (1992). Repetitive self-mutilation. Psychiatric Annals, 22, 60-63.
Favazza, A. R. (1998). The coming of age of self-mutilation. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 186, 259-268.
Favazza, A. R., & Conterio, K. (1989). Female habitual self-mutilators. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 79, 283-289.
Feldman, M. D. (1988). The challenge of self-mutilation: A review. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 29, 252-269.
Goddard, N., Subotsky, F., & Fombonne, E. (1996). Ethnicity and adolescent deliberate self-harm. Journal of Adolescence, 19, 513-521.
Gratz, K. L., Conrad, S. D., & Roemer, L. (in press). Risk factors for deliberate self-harm among female and male college students. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry.
Gupta, K., Sivakumar, K., & Smeeton, N. (1995). Deliberate self-harm: Acomparison of first-time cases and cases with a prior history. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, 12, 131-134.
Haines, J., & Williams, C. L. (1997). Coping and problem solving of self-mutilators. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 53, 177-186.
Haynes, S. N., Richard, D. C. S., & Kubany, E. S. (1995). Content validity in psychological assessment:Afunctional approach to concepts and methods. Psychological Assessment, 7, 238-247.
Kehrberg, C. (1997). Self-mutilating behavior. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 10(3), 35-40.
Linehan, M. M. (1993). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. New York: Guilford Press.
Martin, G., & Waite, S. (1994). Parental bonding and vulnerability to adolescent suicide. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 89, 246-254.
Myers, E. D. (1988). Predicting repetition of deliberate self-harm: A review of the literature in the light of a current study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 77, 314-319.
Nunnally, J. C. (1970). Introduction to psychological measurement. New York: McGraw-Hill.
O'Carroll, P.W., Berman, A. L., Maris, R.W., Moscicki, E. K., Tanney, B. L., & Silverman, M. M. (1996). Beyond the tower of Babel: A nomenclature for suicidology. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 26, 237-252.
Oldham, J., Clarkin, J., Applebaum, A., Carr, A., Kernberg, P., Lotterman, A., et al., (1985). A self report instrument for borderline personality organization. In T. H. McGlashan (Ed.), The borderline: Current empirical research. The progress in psychiatry series. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
Pattison, E. M., & Kahan, J. (1983). The deliberate self-harm syndrome. American Journal of Psychiatry, 140, 867-872.
Pettigrew, J., & Burcham, J. (1997). Characteristics of childhood sexual abuse and adult psychopathology in female psychiatric patients. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 31, 200-207.
Pillay, A. L., & Pillay, Y. G. (1987). A study of deliberate self-harm at a Pietermaritzburg general hospital. South African Medical Journal, 72, 258-259.
Romans, S. E., Martin, J. L., Anderson, J. C., Herbison, G. P., & Mullen, P. E. (1995). Sexual abuse in childhood and deliberate self-harm. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 1336-1342.
Ross, C. A., Miller, S. D., Reagor, P., Bjornson, L., Fraser, G. A., & Anderson, G. (1990). Structured interview data on 102 cases of multiple personality disorder from four centers. American Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 596-601.
Sabo, A. N., Gunderson, J. G., Najavits, L. M., Chauncey, D., & Kisiel, C. (1995). Changes in self-destructiveness of borderline patients in psychotherapy: A prospective follow-up. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 183, 370-376.
Sansone, R. A., Wiederman, M. W., & Sansone, L. A. (1998). The selfharm inventory (SHI): Development of a scale for identifying selfdestructive behaviors and borderline personality disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 54, 973-983.
Schaffer, C. B., Carroll, J., & Abramowitz, S. I. (1982). Self-mutilation and the borderline personality. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 170, 468-473.
Simeon, D., Stanley, B., Frances, A., Mann, J. J., Winchel, R., & Stanley, M. (1992). Self-mutilation in personality disorders: Psychological and biological correlates. American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 221-226.
Suyemoto, K. L. (1998). The functions of self-mutilation. Clinical Psychology Review, 18, 531-554.
Tantam, D., & Whittaker, J. (1992). Personality disorder and selfwounding. British Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 451-464.
van der Kolk, B. A. (1996). The complexity of adaptation to trauma: Self-regulation, stimulus discrimination, and characterological development. In B. A. van der Kolk, A. C. McFarlane, & L.Weisaeth (Eds.), Traumatic stress: The effects of overwhelming experience on mind, body, and society (pp. 182-213). New York: Guilford Press.
Walsh, B.W., & Rosen, P. M. (1988). Self-mutilation: Theory, research, and treatment. New York: Guilford Press.
Winchel, R. M., & Stanley, M. (1991). Self-injurious behavior: A review of the behavior and biology of self-mutilation. America Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 306-317.
Zanarini, M. C., Gunderson, J. G., Frankenburg, F. R., & Chauncey, D. L. (1989). The revised diagnostic interview for borderlines: Discriminating BPD from other axis II disorders. Journal of Personality Disorders, 3, 10-18.
Zlotnick, C., Shea, T. M., Pearlstein, T., Simpson, E., Costello, E., & Begin, A. (1996). The relationship between dissociative symptoms, alexithymia, impulsivity, sexual abuse, and self-mutilation. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 37, 12-16.
Zweig-Frank, H., Paris, J., & Guzder, J. (1994a). Psychological risk factors and self-mutilation in male patients with BPD. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 39, 266-268.
Zweig-Frank, H., Paris, J., & Guzder, J. (1994b). Psychological risk factors for dissociation and self-mutilation in female patients with borderline personality disorder. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 39, 259-264.