A program designed for either women, visible minorities, or disabled persons was rated by 264 women and men respondents. An analysis of variance revealed that reactions to affirmative action varied according to the sex of the respondent and the group targeted by the policy. Further analyses were conducted to examine the effects of two social justice concerns on support for affirmative action, that is, scope of justice (extending fair treatment onto others) and perceived threat on behalf of nondesignated groups. According to findings, the link between social justice concerns and reactions to the policy was affected by the group targeted by affirmative action. Furthermore, both social justice concerns were not equally important predictors of attitudes toward affirmative action for women and men respondents.
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Beaton, A.M., Tougas, F. Reactions to Affirmative Action: Group Membership and Social Justice. Social Justice Research 14, 61–78 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1012575724550
- affirmative action
- perceived threat
- scope of justice