The major premise of this study is that in federal countries voters can balance and moderate national policy by dividing electoral support between different parties in federal and sub-national elections. We compare the non-concurrent federal and provincial elections in Canada to assess the balancing properties of sub-national elections. The balancing hypothesis implies that the federal incumbent party may suffer additional electoral losses in provincial elections. We use several statistical tests - ordinary OLS, “fixed effect” and “unbalanced random effect” cross-section time series - to analyze Canadian electoral data for the period of 1949-1997. All tests sustain that the incumbent party at the federal level loses votes in provincial elections.
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Erikson, R.S., Filippov, M.G. Electoral Balancing in Federal and Sub-national Elections: The Case of Canada. Constitutional Political Economy 12, 313–331 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1012529023870
- electoral balancing
- Canadian elections