Skip to main content

The Global Dimensions of Cholera

Abstract

Cholera remains among the most feared infectious diseases. The first six pandemics of cholera, beginning in 1817, were major public health emergencies, inflicting high morbidity and mortality across the world. Today we continue to battle with the seventh pandemic that began in 1961 and shows no sign of abating. Of particular concern is the spatially and temporally different epidemiological pattern of Vibrio cholerae OI biotype El Tor cholera. Accompanying these worrying signs is the emergence and spread of V. cholerae OI39 Bengal in parts of Asia since the early 1990s. Cholera is behaving differently and is serving as a barometer of the unhealthy global changes around us.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. [1]

    Snowden FM. Naples in the Time of Cholera, 1884–1911. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1996.

    Google Scholar 

  2. [2]

    Kudlick C. Cholera in Post-Revolutionary Paris: A Cultural History. University of California Press, Berkeley, 1996.

    Google Scholar 

  3. [3]

    Heidelberg JF, Eisen JA, Nelson WC et al. DNA sequence of both chromosomes of the cholera pathogen Vibrio cholerae. Nature. 2000; 406, 3 August: 477–483.

    PubMed  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. [4]

    Ramamurthy T, Rajendran K, Garg P, Basu A, Chowdhury NR, Nandy RK, Yamasaki S, Bhattacharya SK, Takeda Y, Nair GB. Cluster-analysis and patterns of dissemination of multidrug resistance among clinical strains of Vibrio cholerae in Calcutta, India. Indian Journal of Medical Research. 2000; 112: 78–85.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. [5]

    Lee K. Globalization-a new agenda for health? In: International Co-operation in Health, McKee M, Garner P, Stott R, eds., pp. 13–30. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2001.

    Google Scholar 

  6. [6]

    McNeill W. Plagues and People. Anchor Press/Doubleday, New York, 1976.

    Google Scholar 

  7. [7]

    Macnamara C. A history of asiatic cholera. London, 1870.

  8. [8]

    Watts S. Epidemics and History, Disease, Power and Imperialism. Yale University Press, New Haven, 1997.

    Google Scholar 

  9. [9]

    Bray RS. Armies of Pestilence, The effects of pandemics in history. The Lutterworth Press, Cambridge, 1996.

    Google Scholar 

  10. [10]

    Robertson R. Globalization, Social Theory and Global Culture. Sage, London, 1992.

    Google Scholar 

  11. [11]

    Nesse RM and Williams GC. Evolution and the Origins of Disease. Scientifi c American. 1998; November

  12. [12]

    Lee K and Dodgson R. Globalization and cholera: Implications for global governance. Global Governance. 2000; 6(2): s213–236.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Lee, K. The Global Dimensions of Cholera. Global Change & Human Health 2, 6–17 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1011925107536

Download citation

Keywords

  • Cholera
  • Global Dimension
  • Public Health System
  • Typhus
  • Cholera Outbreak