Characterization and wash performance analysis of an SDS-stable alkaline protease from a Bacillus sp.
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An alkaline, SDS-stable protease optimally active at pH 11 from a Bacillus sp. RGR-14 was produced in a complex medium containing soybean meal, starch and calcium carbonate. The protease was active over a wide temperature range of 20–80 °C with major activity between 45 and 70 °C. The protease was completely stable for 1 h in 0.1% SDS and retained 70% of its activity in the presence of 0.5% SDS after 1 h of incubation. The enzyme was active in presence of surfactants (ionic and non-ionic) with 29% enhancement in activity in Tween-85 and was also stable in various oxidizing agents with 100 and 60% activity in presence of 1% sodium perborate and 1% H2O2, respectively. The enzyme was also compatible with commercial detergents (1% w/v) such as Surf, Ariel, Wheel, Fena and Nirma, retaining more than 70% activity in all the detergents after 1 h. Wash performance analysis of grass and blood stains on cotton fabric showed an increase in reflectance (14 and 25% with grass and blood stains, respectively) after enzyme treatment. However, enzyme in conjunction with detergent proved best, with a maximum reflectance change of 46 and 34% for grass and blood stain removal, respectively, at 45 °C. Stain removal was also effective after protease treatment at 25 and 60 °C.
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