Advertisement

Review of Industrial Organization

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 305–328 | Cite as

The Determinants of Technology Adoption in Italian Manufacturing Industries

  • Eleonora Bartoloni
  • Maurizio Baussola
Article

Abstract

The adoption of new technologies in Italian manufacturing industries is analysed using data for 13,334 firms selected from the 1990–92 Community Innovation Survey. The determinants of technology adoption are analysed in an econometric framework (logit model) which is a general test of different theoretical explanations of technological diffusion. We particularly refer to the rank, epidemic and information effects which significantly affect the use of new technology in Italian manufacturing industries. We use a set of explanatory variables which enables us to set up a well specified empirical model and to use odds ratios to determine the effect of their changes on the adoption probability, thus giving a more precise picture of the determinants of technology adoption.

Innovation logit models technological diffusion 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Archibugi, D. et al. (1996) ‘L'innovazione nelle imprese italiane: un'analisi dai risultati dell'indagine ISTAT’, Economia e Politica Industriale, 89, 147–185.Google Scholar
  2. Bartoloni, E., and M. Baussola (1995) ‘Innovation Firm Size and Industry Growth’, in IX Annual Conference of the European Council for Small Business, Catholic University, Piacenza, November.Google Scholar
  3. Baussola M. (1994) ‘La diffusione dell'innovazione nelle piccole e medie imprese italiane’, Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali, 3, 313–338.Google Scholar
  4. Cohen W. M., and D. A. Levinthal (1989) Innovation and Learning: Two Faces of R&D, Economic Journal, 99, 569–596.Google Scholar
  5. David, P. (1969) A Contribution to the Theory of Diffusion. Stanford: Stanford Center for Research in Economic Growth, Stanford University.Google Scholar
  6. Davies S. (1979) The Diffusion Process of Innovation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Fudenberg, D., and J. Tirole (1985) ‘Pre-Emption and Rent Equalization in the Adoption of New Technologies’, Review of Economic Studies, 52, 383–401.Google Scholar
  8. Ireland N., and P. Stoneman (1986) ‘Technological Diffusion, Expectations and Welfare’, Oxford Economic Papers, 38, 283–304.Google Scholar
  9. ISTAT (1994) I conti economici delle imprese con 20 addetti ed oltre, anno 1991. Collana d'Informazione, N.27.Google Scholar
  10. ISTAT (1995) L'indagine sull'innovazione tecnologica, anni 1990-92, Notiziario Istat, N.2.Google Scholar
  11. ISTAT (1996) I conti economici delle imprese con 20 addetti ed oltre, anno 1992. Collana d'Informazione, N.20.Google Scholar
  12. ISTAT (1998) Statistiche sulla ricerca scientifica e l'innovazione tecnologica, Collana di Informazioni, 59, 1998.Google Scholar
  13. Jensen R. A. (1982) ‘Adoption and the Diffusion of an Innovation of Uncertain Profitability’, Journal of Economic Theory, 27, 182–193.Google Scholar
  14. Karshenas M., and P. Stoneman (1993) ‘Rank, Stock, Order and Epidemic Effects in the Diffusion of New Process Technologies: An Empirical Model’, Rand Journal of Economics, 24, 503–528.Google Scholar
  15. Kleinknecht, A. (1987) ‘Measuring R&D in Small Firms: How Much Are We Missing?’, Journal of Industrial Economics, 36, 253–256.Google Scholar
  16. Kohn, M., and J. Scott (1982) ‘Scale Economies in Research and Development’, Journal of Industrial Economics, 30, 239–250.Google Scholar
  17. Mansfield, E. (1968) Industrial Research and Technological Innovation. New York: Norton Company.Google Scholar
  18. OECD (1992) ‘Proposed Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Technological Innovation Data’. Paris: Oslo Manual, OECD.Google Scholar
  19. Pavitt, K. (1984) ‘Patterns of Technical Change: Towards a Taxonomy and a Theory’, Research Policy, 13, 343–373.Google Scholar
  20. Reinganum, J. (1981) ‘Market Structure and the Diffusion of New Technologies’, Bell Journal of Economics, 12, 618–624.Google Scholar
  21. Scherer, F. M. (1965) ‘FirmSize, Market Structure, Opportunity and the Output of Patent Inventions’, American Economic Review, 55, 1097–1125.Google Scholar
  22. Scherer, F. M. (1983) ‘The Propensity to Patent’, International Journal of Industrial Organization, 1, 107–128.Google Scholar
  23. Schumpeter, J. (1942) Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy. New York: Harper.Google Scholar
  24. Scott, J. T. (1993) Purposive Diversification and Economic Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Stoneman, P. (1981) ‘Intra Firm Diffusion, Bayesan Learning and Profitability’, Economic Journal, 91, 375–389.Google Scholar
  26. Stoneman, P., and N. Ireland (1983) ‘The Role of Supply Factors in the Diffusion of New Process Technology’, Economic Journal, 93, 66–78.Google Scholar
  27. Vercelli, A., P. Belvisi, and P. Carnazza (1989) ‘Piccola e media impresa innovativa in Italia:flessibilità tecnologica, contributo all'innovazione e fragilità finanziaria’, Economia e Politica Industriale, 63, 45–81.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eleonora Bartoloni
    • 1
  • Maurizio Baussola
    • 2
  1. 1.National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT)MilanoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Economic and Social SciencesCatholic UniversityPiacenza

Personalised recommendations