Barton, B. A. & B. R. Taylor, 1996. Oxygen requirements of fishes in northern Alberta rivers with a general review of the adverse effects of low dissolved oxygen. Water Qual. Res. J. Can. 31: 361–409.
Brekhovskikh, V. F. & G. V. Volpian, 1991. Northern river BOD-DO model. In: T. D. Prowse & C. S. L. Ommanney (eds), Northern Hydrology: Selected Perspectives, Proc. Northern Hydrology Symposium, 10–12 July 1990, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, pp. 437–442.
Canadian Council of Resource and Environment Ministers (CCREM), 1987. Canadian Water Quality Guidelines. Task Force of Water Quality Guidelines, Water Quality Branch, Environment Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
Chambers, P. A. & T. Mill, 1996. Dissolved oxygen conditions and fish requirements in the Athabasca, Peace and Slave Rivers: assessment of present conditions and future trends. Synthesis Report No. 5, Northern River Basins Study, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
Chambers, P. A., G. J. Scrimgeour & A. Pietroniro, 1997. Winter oxygen conditions in ice-covered rivers: the impact of pulp mill and municipal effluents. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 54: 2796–2806.
Chapman, G., 1986. Ambient water quality criteria for dissolved oxygen. EPA 440/5–86–003, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA.
Culp, J. M. & P. A. Chambers. 1994. Water quality modelling for the Northern River Basins Study. Symposium No. 13, National Hydrology Research Institute, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
Culp, J. M., R. B. Lowell & K. J. Cash, 2000. Integrating mesocosm experiments with field and laboratory studies to generate weight-of-evidence risk assessments for large rivers. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 19: 1167–1173.
Environment Canada, 1994. Hydat CD ROM Version 3.0. Surface Water Data. Environment Canada, Water Survey of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
Giles, M. A. & M. Van der Zweep, 1996. Oxygen requirements of fish of the Peace, Athabasca and Slave Rivers: bull trout and mountain whitefish. Project Report No. 120, Northern River Basins Study, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
Giles, M. A., S. Brown, M. van der Zweep, L. Vandenbyllaardt, G. Van der Kraak & K. Rowes, 1996. Dissolved oxygen requirements of burbot (Lota lota) of the Peace, Athabasca and Slave river basins: a laboratory study. Project Report No. 91, Northern River Basins Study, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
Golder Associates, 1995. Continuous dissolved oxygen modelling, Athabasca River, Hinton to upstream Grand Rapids. Report, Alberta Forest Products Association and Alberta Environmental Protection, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
Golder Associates, 2000. Continuous modelling of winter dissolved oxygen concentrations in the Athabasca River from Hinton to Upstream Grand Rapids: 2000 update. Report, Alberta Forest Products Association, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
Graves, W. C., D. T. Burton, L. B. Richardson & S. L. Margrey, 1981. The interaction of treated bleached kraft mill effluent and dissolved oxygen concentration on the survival of the developmental stages of the sheepshead minnow (Cyprinodon variegatus). Water Res. 15: 1005–1011.
Gummer, Wm. D., K. J. Cash, F. J. Wrona & T. D. Prowse, 2000. The Northern River Basins Study: context and design. J. Aquat. Ecosystem Stress and Recovery 8: 7–16.
Hicks, D. B. & J. W. DeWitt, 1971. Effects of dissolved oxygen on kraft pulp mill effluent toxicity. Water Res. 5: 693–701.
Kelso, J. R. M. & H. R. MacCrimmon, 1969. Diel and seasonal variation in physiochemical limnology, Speed River, Ontario. Water Resources Res. 5: 1388–1394.
Kramer, D. L., 1987. Dissolved oxygen and fish behaviour. Environ. Biol. Fish. 18: 81–92.
Leopold, L. B. & T. Maddock, Jr., 1953. The Hydraulic Geometry of Stream Channels and Some Physiographic Implications. Professional Paper 252. U.S. Department of the Interior Geological Survey, Washington, DC, USA.
Lowell, R. B. & J. M. Culp, 1996. Combined effects of dissolved oxygen level and bleached kraft pulp mill effluent and municipal sewage on a mayfly (Baetis tricaudatus): assessments using artificial streams. Report No. 98, Northern River Basins Study, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
Lowell, R. B. & J. M. Culp, 1999. Cumulative effects of multiple effluent and low dissolved oxygen stressors on mayflies at cold temperatures. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 56: 1624–1630.
Lowell, R. B., J. M. Culp & M. G. Dubé, 2000. A weight-of evidence approach for northern river risk assessment: integrating the effects of multiple stressors. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 19: 1182–1190.
Lowell, R. B., J. M. Culp & F. J. Wrona, 1995a. Toxicity testing with artificial streams: effects of differences in current velocity. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 14: 1209–1217.
Lowell, R. B., J. M. Culp & F. J. Wrona, 1995b. Stimulation of increased short-term growth and development of mayflies by pulp mill effluent. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 14: 1529–1541.
Macdonald, G. & H. R. Hamilton, 1989. Model calibration and receiving water evaluation for pulp mill developments on the Athabasca River I, dissolved oxygen. Report, Standards and Approvals Division, Alberta Environment, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
Macdonald, G. & A. Radermacher, 1993. An evaluation of dissolved oxygen modelling of the Athabasca River and Wapiti-Smoky River System. Report No. 25, Northern River Basins Study, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
MacCrimmon, H. R. & J. R. M. Kelso, 1970. Seasonal variation in selected nutrients of a river system. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 27: 837–846.
Meyer, J., 1992. Seasonal patterns of water quality in blackwater rivers of the coastal plain, southeastern United States. In: C. D. Becker & D. A. Neitzel (eds), Water Quality in North American River Systems, Battelle Press, Columbus, OH, USA, pp. 249–276.
Mossewitsch, N. A., 1961. Sauerstoffdefizit in den Flussen des Westsibirischen Tieflandes, Seine Ursachen und Einflusse auf die aquatische Fauna. Verh. int. Ver. Limnol. 14: 447–450.
Nebeker, A. V., 1972. Effect of low oxygen concentration on survival and emergence of aquatic insects. Trans. Amer. Fish.Soc. 101: 675–679.
NRBS Study Board. 1996. Northern River Basins Study Report to the Ministers. Northern River Basins Study, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
Pietroniro, A., P. A. Chambers & M. E. Ferguson, 1998. Application of a dissolved oxygen model in an ice-covered river. Can. Water Resources J. 23: 351–368.
Schallock, E. W. & F. B. Lotspeich, 1974. Low winter dissolved oxygen in some Alaskan rivers. U.S. EPA-660/3–74–008. US Environmental Protection Agency, National Environmental Research Center, Corvallis, OR, USA.
Sprague, J. P., 1985. Factors that modify toxicity. In: G. Rand & S. R. Petrocelli (eds), Fundamentals of Aquatic Toxicology: Methods and Application, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, New York, NY, USA, pp. 124–163.
Streeter, H. W. & E. B. Phelps, 1925. A study on the pollution and natural purification of the Ohio River. Bulletin No. 146, U.S. Public Health Service, Washington, DC, USA.
Truelson, R. L., 1997. Ambient water quality criteria for dissolved oxygen. Report, Environment and Lands Headquarters Division, British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria, BC, Canada.
Winter, A., J. J. H. Ciborowski & T. B. Reynoldson, 1996. Effects of chronic hypoxia and reduced temperature on survival and growth of burrowing mayflies, Hexagenia limbata (Ephemeroptera: Ephemeridae). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 53: 1565–1571.
Wrona, F. J. & K. J. Cash, 1996. The ecosystem approach to environmental assessment: moving from theory to practice. J. Aquat. Ecosystem Health 5: 79–87.
Wrona, F. J., W. M. Gummer, K. J. Cash & K. Crutchfield, 1996. Cumulative Impacts with the Northern River Basins. Synthesis Report No. 11, Northern River Basins Study, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
Zielinski, P. A., 1988. Stochastic dissolved oxygen model. J. Environ. Eng. 114: 74–90.