Relation of Self-Efficacy to Reported Pain and Pain Medication Usage During Labor

  • Amy Fuller Stockman
  • Elizabeth M. Altmaier


We studied the relationship of self-efficacy to reported labor pain and pain medication usage among 43 women. Self-efficacy ratings were judgments of confidence regarding successful completion of tasks involved in labor and delivery (e.g., doing breathing exercises) and in overcoming barriers (e.g., nonsupportive partner). Multiple regression analyses revealed that self-efficacy significantly contributed to predicting labor pain beyond other relevant variables (e.g., age, amount of menstrual pain), with barrier self-efficacy the strongest predictor. Results are discussed in the context of increasing women's confidence in overcoming barriers by incorporating relevant interventions in childbirth education.

labor pain self-efficacy childbirth education 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amy Fuller Stockman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Elizabeth M. Altmaier
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of MedicineUniversity of IowaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Anesthesia, College of MedicineUniversity of IowaUSA
  3. 3.College of EducationUniversity of IowaUSA
  4. 4.College of Public HealthUniversity of IowaUSA

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