This paper deals with the application of a neuro-fuzzy inference system to a mobile robot navigation in an unknown, or partially unknown environment. The final aim of the robot is to reach some pre-defined goal. For this purpose, a sort of a co-operation between three main sub-modules is performed. These sub-modules consist in three elementary robot tasks: following a wall, avoiding an obstacle and running towards the goal. Each module acts as a Sugeno–Takagi fuzzy controller where the inputs are the different sensor information and the output corresponds to the orientation of the robot. The rule-base is generated by the controller after some learning process based on a neural architecture close to that used by Wang and Menger. This leads to adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference systems (ANFIS) (one for each module). The adaptive navigation system (ANFIS), based on integrated reactive-cognitive parts, learns and generates the required knowledge for achieving the desired task. However, the generated rule-base suffers from redundancy and abundance of data, most of which are less useful. This makes the assignment of a linguistic label to the associated variable difficult and sometimes counter-intuitive. Consequently, a simplification phase allowing elimination of redundancy is required. For this purpose, an algorithm based on the class of fuzzy c-means algorithm introduced by Bezdek and we have developed an inclusion structure. Experimental results confirm the meaningfulness of the elaborated methodology when dealing with navigation of a mobile robot in unknown, or partially unknown environment.
neuro-fuzzy fuzzy c-means navigation mobile robotics