Conflict scholars and practitioners have devoted much effort to understandingwhy differences sometimes escalate into full-blown conflicts. Butnot enough attention has been paid to the psychological and physiologicalprocesses of “reality formation and identity formation” inherent in thenature of individual human consciousness. The author shows how thefunctions of identity and reality formation pervade human activity, andhow they are particularly connected to conflict. This theoretical constructhas a variety of implications for mediators and dispute resolution in general,which the author illustrates with a series of brief case examples.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Anderson, W. T. 1990. Reality isn't what it used to be. San Francisco: Harper and Row.
Boulding, E. 1990. Building a global civic culture: Education for an interdependent world. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.
Campbell, D.T. 1967. Stereotypes and the perception of group differences. American Psychologist 22 (October): 817-829.
De Bono, E. 1990. I am right, you are wrong: From this to the new Renaissance, from rock logic to water logic. New York: Viking.
Duggan, M. 1996. A nested theory of conflict. A Leadership Journal: Women in Leadership 1 (July): 9-20.
Gilligan, M. D. 1996. Violence: Our deadly epidemic and its causes. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons.
Gladstone, A. 1959. The conception of the enemy. Journal of Conflict Resolution 3 (June): 132-137.
Keen, S. 1988. Faces of the enemy: Reflections of the hostile imagination. SanFrancisco: Harper.
Lederach, J. P. 1995. Preparing for peace: Conflict transformation across cultures. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.
Levine, R. A. and D.T. Campbell. 1972. Ethnocentrism: Theories of conflict, ethnic attitudes, and group behavior. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Mandel, R. 1979. Perception, decision making and conflict. Washington: University Press of America
Mann, D.W. 1994. A simple theory of self. New York: Norton
Rosenblatt, P. 1964. Origins and effects of group ethnocentrism and nationalism. Journal of Conflict Resolution 8: 131-146.
Rothman, J. 1997. Resolving identity-based conflict in nations, organizations, and communities. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Thomas, K. 1974. Interpreting your scores on the Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument. Tuxedo Park, N.Y.: Xicom Inc.
Ting-Toomey, S. and F. Korzenny, eds. 1991. Cross-cultural interpersonal communication. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage.
Woodward, K., ed. 1997. Identity and difference. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage.
About this article
Cite this article
Hicks, T. Another Look at Identity-Based Conflict: The Roots of Conflict in the Psychology of Consciousness. Negotiation Journal 17, 35–45 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010916007039
- Human Activity
- Identity Formation
- Dispute Resolution
- Reality Formation
- Human Consciousness