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Climatic Change

, Volume 49, Issue 1–2, pp 129–145 | Cite as

Variability of Sea-Ice Extent in Baffin Bay over the Last Millennium

  • Nancy S. Grumet
  • Cameron P. Wake
  • Paul A. Mayewski
  • Gregory A. Zielinski
  • Sallie I. Whitlow
  • Roy M. Koerner
  • David A. Fisher
  • James M. Woollett
Article

Abstract

Comparison of an ice core glaciochemical time-series developed from thePenny Ice Cap (PIC), Baffin Island and monthly sea-ice extent reveals astatisticallysignificant inverse relationship between changes in Baffin Bay spring sea-iceextent andPenny Ice Cap sea-salt concentrations for the period 1901–1990 AD.Empiricalorthogonal function analysis demonstrates the joint behavior between changesin PICsea-salt concentrations, sea-ice extent, and changes in North Atlanticatmosphericcirculation. Our results suggest that sea-salt concentrations in snowpreserved on thePIC reflect local to regional springtime sea-ice coverage. The PIC sea-saltrecord/sea-ice relationship is further supported by decadal and century scalecomparisonwith other paleoclimate records of eastern Arctic climate change over the last700 years. Our sea-salt record suggests that, while the turn of the century wascharacterized bygenerally milder sea-ice conditions in Baffin Bay, the last few decades ofsea-ice extentlie within Little Ice Age variability and correspond to instrumental recordsof lowertemperatures in the Eastern Canadian Arctic over the past three decades.

Keywords

Climate Change Function Analysis Inverse Relationship Arctic Climate Paleoclimate Record 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nancy S. Grumet
    • 1
  • Cameron P. Wake
    • 1
  • Paul A. Mayewski
    • 1
  • Gregory A. Zielinski
    • 1
  • Sallie I. Whitlow
    • 1
  • Roy M. Koerner
    • 2
  • David A. Fisher
    • 2
  • James M. Woollett
    • 3
  1. 1.Climate Change Research Center, Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and SpaceUniversity of New HampshireDurhamU.S.A
  2. 2.Geological Survey of CanadaOttawaCanada
  3. 3.Peary MacMillian Arctic MuseumBowdoin CollegeBrunswickU.S.A

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