Climatic Change

, Volume 49, Issue 1–2, pp 239–246 | Cite as

Spatial Response to Major Volcanic Events in or about AD 536, 934 and 1258: Frost Rings and Other Dendrochronological Evidence from Mongolia and Northern Siberia: Comment on R. B. Stothers, ‘Volcanic Dry Fogs, Climate Cooling, and Plague Pandemics in Europe and the Middle East’ (Climatic Change, 42, 1999)

  • Rosanne D'Arrigo
  • David Frank
  • Gordon Jacoby
  • Neil Pederson
Article

Abstract

Hypothesized large-scale climatic extremes require verification from distantregions in order toconfirm the magnitude and timing of such events. Three of the most massivehypothesized volcanic events of the past two millennia, occurring in or aboutAD 536, 934 and1258, had profound climatic and demographic repercussions over much of Europe,the MiddleEast, and other areas, according to historical accounts recently described inStothers (1998, 1999,2000) as well as other research. Here we report on frost ring and otherdendrochronologicalevidence derived from a 1738-year tree-ring chronology from Mongolia andmillennial-scaletree-ring data from northern Siberia which demonstrate that these three eventsmay have alsoimpacted conditions in these distant regions.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baillie, M. G. L.: 1994, ‘Dendrochronology Raises Questions about the Nature of the AD 536 Dust-Veil Event’, Holocene 4, 212–217.Google Scholar
  2. Baillie, M.: 1999, Exodus to Arthur. Catastrophic Encounters with Comets, Batsford Ltd., London.Google Scholar
  3. Briffa, K.: 2000, ‘Annual Climate Variability in the Holocene: Interpreting the Message of Ancient Trees’, Quat. Sci. Rev. 19, 87–105.Google Scholar
  4. Briffa, K., Jones, P., Bartholin, T., Eckstein, D., Schweingruber, F., Karlen, W., Zetterberg, P., and Eronen, M.: 1992, ‘Fennoscandian Summers from AD 500: Temperature Changes on Short and Long Time Scales’, Clim. Dyn. 7, 111–119.Google Scholar
  5. Clausen, H., Hammer, C., Hvidberg, C., Dahl-Jensen, D., and Steffensen, J.: 1997, ‘A Comparison of the Volcanic Records over the Past 4000 Years from the Greenland Ice Core Project and Dye 3 Greenland Ice Cores’, J. Geophys. Res. 102, 26707–26723.Google Scholar
  6. D'Arrigo, R. and Jacoby, G.: 1999, ‘Northern North American Tree-Ring Evidence for Regional Temperature Changes after Major Volcanic Events’, Clim. Change 41, 1–15.Google Scholar
  7. D'Arrigo, R., Jacoby, G., Frank, D., Pederson, N., Cook, E., Buckley, B., Mijiddorj, R., and Dugarjav, C.: 2001, ‘1738 Years of Mongolian Temperature Variability Inferred from a Tree-Ring Width Chronology of Siberian Pine’, Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 543–546.Google Scholar
  8. D'Arrigo, R., Jacoby, G., Pederson, N., Frank, D., Buckley, B., Baatarbileg, N., Mijiddorj, R., and Dugarjav, C.: 2000, ‘Mongolian Tree Rings, Temperature Sensitivity and Reconstructions of Northern Hemisphere Temperature’, Holocene 10, 669–672.Google Scholar
  9. Demaree, G., Ogilvie, A., and Zhang, D.: 1998, ‘Further Documentary Evidence of Northern Hemispheric Coverage of the Great Dry Fog of 1783’, Clim. Change 39, 727–730.Google Scholar
  10. Fritts, H.: 1976, Tree Rings and Climate, Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  11. Hammer, C.: 1984, ‘Traces of Icelandic Eruptions in the Greenland Ice Sheet’, Jokull 34, 51–65.Google Scholar
  12. Hammer, C., Clausen, H., and Langway, C.: 1980, ‘Greenland Ice Sheet Evidence of Post-Glacial Volcanism and its Climatic Impact’, Nature 288, 230–235.Google Scholar
  13. Jacoby, G., D'Arrigo, R., and Davaajamts, Ts.: 1996, ‘Mongolian Tree Rings and 20th Century Warming’, Science 273, 771–773.Google Scholar
  14. Jacoby, G., Lovelius, N., Shumilov, O., Raspopov, O., Kurbainov, J., and Frank, D.: 2000, ‘Long-Term Temperature Trends and Tree Growth in the Taymir Region of Northern Siberia’, Quat. Res. 53, 312–318.Google Scholar
  15. Jacoby, G., Workman, K., and D'Arrigo, R.: 1999, ‘1783 Laki Eruption, Tree Rings and Catastrophe for Northwestern Inuit’, Quat. Sci. Rev. 18, 53–59.Google Scholar
  16. Johnson, S., Clausen, H., Dansgaard, W., Fuhrer, K., Gundestrup, N., Hammer, C., Iversen, P., Jouzel, J., Stauffer, B., and Steffensen, J.: 1992, ‘Irregular Glacial Interstadials Recorded in a New Greenland Ice Core’, Nature 359, 311–313.Google Scholar
  17. Jones, P., Briffa, K., and Schweingruber, F.: 1995, ‘Tree-Ring Evidence of theWidespread Effects of Explosive Volcanic Eruptions’, Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1333–1336.Google Scholar
  18. LaMarche Jr., V. C. and Hirschboeck, K.: 1984, ‘Frost Rings in Trees as Records of Major Volcanic Eruptions’, Nature 307, 121–126.Google Scholar
  19. Lara, A. and Villalba, R.: 1993, ‘A 3620–Year Temperature Record from Fitzroya cupressoides Tree Rings in Southern South America’, Science 260, 1104–1106.Google Scholar
  20. Naurzbaev, M. and Vaganov, E.: 2000, ‘Variations of Early Summer and Annual Temperature in the East of Taymir and Putoran (Siberia) over the Last Two Millennia Inferred from Tree Rings’, J. Geophys. Res. 105, 7317–7326.Google Scholar
  21. Pang, K. and Chou, H.-H.: 1985, Unpublished research, in S. Weisbard, ‘Excavating Words: A Geological Tool’, Science News 127, 91–94.Google Scholar
  22. Robock, A. and Mao, J.: 1995, ‘The Volcanic Signal in Surface Temperature Observations’, J. Climate 8, 1086–1103.Google Scholar
  23. Scuderi, L.: 1990, ‘Tree-Ring Evidence for Climatically-Sensitive Volcanic Eruptions’, Quat. Res. 34, 67–85.Google Scholar
  24. Scuderi, L.: 1993, ‘A 2,000–Year Tree-Ring Record of Annual Temperatures in the Sierra Nevada Mountains’, Science 259, 1433–1466.Google Scholar
  25. Stothers, R.: 1984, ‘Mystery Cloud of AD 536’, Nature 307, 344–345.Google Scholar
  26. Stothers, R.: 1998, ‘Far Reach of the Tenth Century Eldgja Eruption, Iceland’, Clim. Change 39, 715–726.Google Scholar
  27. Stothers, R.: 1999, ‘Volcanic Dry Fogs, Climate Cooling, and Plague Pandemics in Europe and the Middle East’, Clim. Change 42, 713–723.Google Scholar
  28. Stothers, R.: 2000, ‘Climatic and Demographic Consequences of the Massive Volcanic Eruption of 1258’, Clim. Change 45, 361–374.Google Scholar
  29. Stothers, R. and Rampino, M.: 1983, ‘Volcanic Eruptions in the Mediterranean before AD 630 from Written and Archaeological Sources’, J. Geophys. Res. 88, 6357–6371.Google Scholar
  30. Zielinski, G.: 1995, ‘Stratospheric Loading and Optical Depth Estimates of Explosive Volcanism over the Last 2100 Years Derived from the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 Ice Core’, J. Geophys. Res. 100, 20937–20955.Google Scholar
  31. Zielinski, G., Germani, M., Larsen, G., Baillie, M., Whitlow, S., Twickler, M., and Taylor, K.: 1995, ‘Evidence of the Eldgja (Iceland) Eruption in the GISP2 Greenland Ice Core: Relationship to Eruption Processes and Climatic Conditions in the Tenth Century’, Holocene 5, 129–140.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosanne D'Arrigo
    • 1
  • David Frank
    • 1
  • Gordon Jacoby
    • 1
  • Neil Pederson
    • 1
  1. 1.Tree-Ring Laboratory, Lamont-Doherty Earth ObservatoryPalisadesU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations