The article draws on research conducted in Britain and Canada into representations of the Inuit in juvenile non-fiction. Through the examination of text and pictorial representations in reference books, and geographical and historical non-fiction, attention is drawn to the continuing prevalence of a wide range of stereotypes. With the help of a discussion group of Inuit and other residents of the Arctic, key issues are confronted and strengths and weaknesses of a variety of representations identified. The article concludes by recommending various approaches that would result in a more balanced image of the Inuit, and by analogy, of other indigenous people worldwide.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Aldis, R., Ecologywatch: Polar Lands. London: Evans Brothers, 1991.
Alexander, B. and Alexander, C., Eskimo Boy. London: Adam and Charles Black, 1979.
Alexander, B. and Alexander, C., What Do We Know About the Inuit? Hove: Macdonald Young Books, 1995.
Asikinack, B. and Scarborough, K., Exploration into North America. London: Belitha Books, 1995.
Association of Canadian Universities for Northern Studies, Ethical Principles for the Conduct of Research in the North. Ottawa, 1998.
Atkinson, J., 'How are Women in the Third World Portrayed in Geography Textbooks?' Teaching Geography, 1992, 17(4), 179-180.
Bandi, H.G., Eskimo Prehistory. London: Methuen, 1969.
Bennett, A.C., Flannigan, W.E., and Hladun, M.P., Inuit of the North. Toronto: Fitzhenry and Whiteside, 1994.
Bonner, N., Habitats: Polar Regions. Hove: Wayland, 1995.
Bramwell, M., Polar Exploration: Journeys to the Arctic and Antarctic. London: Dorling Kindersley, 1998.
Brody, H., Living Arctic: Hunters of the Canadian North. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1987.
Cai, M., 'Images of Chinese and Chinese Americans Mirrored in Picture Books,' Children's Literature in Education, 1994, 25(3), 169-191.
Carter, R. (ed.), Handbook of Primary Geography. Sheffield: The Geographical Association, 1998.
Clark, B.W. and Wallace J.K., Making Connections: Canada's Geography, Scarborough, ON: Prentice-Hall Ginn Canada, 1999.
David, R.G., The Arctic in the British Imagination, 1818–1914. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000.
Department for Education, History in the National Curriculum. London: HMSO, 1995.
Department for Education and Employment, The National Curriculum for England: History. London: DfEE/QCA, 1999.
The Dorling Kindersley Children's Illustrated Encyclopaedia. London: Dorling Kindersley, 1994.
Eber, D.H., When the Whalers Were Up North. Boston: David R. Godine, 1989.
First Atlas. Bath: Parragon, 1999.
First Encyclopedia. Bath: Parragon, 1999.
Green, J., Native Peoples of the Americas. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Green, J., People of the Polar Regions. Hove: Wayland, 1998.
Green, J. and Antram, D., Exploring the Polar Regions. Hove: Macdonald Young Books, 1997.
Harnett, P. and Welch, G., 'Why teach children about Eskimos?' Education 3–13, 1986, 14(2), 32-40.
Hundey, I. and Magarry, M., Canada: Understanding Your Past. Toronto: Irwin, 1990.
James, S., Polar Regions. Hove: Wayland, 1992.
Jennings, T., The Young Geographer Investigates. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.
Kindersley, B. and Kindersley, A., Children Just Like Me. London: Dorling-Kindersley, 1995.
Kingfisher Child's World Encyclopaedia. London: Kingfisher, 1994.
Kingfisher First Picture Atlas. London: Kingfisher, 1994.
Klein, G., Reading into Racism: Bias in Children's Literature and Learning Materials. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1985.
Low, R., Peoples of the Arctic. London: Franklin Watts, 1997.
Macdonald, F., Native Peoples of North America. London: Collins, 1993.
Meek, M., 'The Critical Challenge of the World in Books for Children,' Children's Literature in Education, 1995, 26(1), 5-23.
Mirsky, J., To the Arctic! London: Allan Wingate, 1949.
Moloney, N., The Young Oxford Book of Archaeology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Morgan, S., The World's Wild Places. Hove: Wayland, 1996.
Morrison, D. and Germain, G-H., Inuit: Glimpses of an Arctic Past. Hull, Quebec: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1995.
My First Picture Dictionary. Manchester: Dolphin Publications, 1995.
My First World Atlas. London: Grandreams, 1995.
Pelly, D.F., Inuit of the North. Toronto: Grolier, 1988.
Penny, M., The Polar Seas. Hove: Wayland, 1996.
Petrone, P. (ed.), Northern Voices: Inuit Writing in English. Toronto: Toronto University Press, 1998.
Rootes, D., The Arctic. Bath: Cherrytree, 1995.
Schledermann, P., Voices in Stone: A Personal Journey into the Arctic Past. Calgary: Arctic Institute of North America, 1996.
Scully, A., Bebbington, J., Evans, R., and Wilson, C., Canada Through Time: Book 1. Scarborough, ON: Prentice-Hall, 1992.
Siska, H.S., People of the Ice: How the Inuit Lived. Vancouver and Toronto: Douglas McIntyre, 1980.
Smith, A., People of the World: Inuit. Hove: Wayland, 1989.
von Schweinitz, E., 'Facing the Facts,' Books for Keeps, 1989, 55, March 1989, 4–8.
Taylor, B., Eyewitness Books: Arctic and Antarctic. London: Dorling Kindersley, 1995.
Thomson, R., Our Arctic Project. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1989.
Vaughan, R., The Arctic: A History. Stroud: Alan Sutton, 1994.
Wallace, M., The Inuksuk Book. Toronto: Owl Books, 1999.
Weller, D. and Hart M., The Changing World: Arctic and Antarctic. Limpsfield: Dragon's World, 1996.
Wiegand, P., Places in the Primary School: Knowledge and Understanding of Places at Key Stages 1 and 2. London: The Falmer Press, 1992.
Winter, C., 'Ethnocentric bias in geography textbooks: A framework for reconstruction,' in Teaching and Learning Geography, D. Tilbury and M. Williams, eds., pp. 180-188. London: Routledge.
Wright, D.R., 'Are geography textbooks sexist?' Teaching Geography, 1985, 10(2), 81-84.
About this article
Cite this article
David, R.G. Representing the Inuit in Contemporary British and Canadian Juvenile Non-Fiction. Children's Literature in Education 32, 139–154 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010338629474
- children's literature