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BioControl

, Volume 43, Issue 2, pp 241–251 | Cite as

Management of powdery mildew and gray mold of cucumber by Trichoderma harzianum T39 and Ampelomyces quisqualis AQ10

  • Y. Elad
  • B. Kirshner
  • N. Yehuda
  • A. Sztejnberg
Article

Abstract

Two biocontrol preparations were tested for their ability to control Sphaerotheca fusca and Botrytis cinerea on greenhouse cucumber. Trichoderma harzianum T39 (TRICHODEX) spray reduced powdery mildew severity by up to 97% but its efficacy declined to 18–55% control as the epidemic progressed. Unlike on young leaves, on older leaves the control of powdery mildew by T. harzianum T39 was poor. Ampelomyces quisqualis (AQ10) was very effective against powdery mildew, achieving up to 98% of control. Its effectiveness declined with the progress of the epidemic but unlike the other biocontrol agent it retained significant control capability on older leaves. Two aliphatic petroleum distillate oil products improved the efficacy of both biocontrol agents. The co-application of T. harzianum T39 and A. quisqualis AQ10 was tested on cucumber plants infected with powdery mildew followed by fruit gray mold infection. It resulted in no improvement of the control of powdery mildew, and in an improvement of gray mold control, the latter probably because of the use of additive oil (ADDQ) along with the second biocontrol preparation. There was no significant interference between the biocontrol agents in the co-application treatment as compared with the application of each agent alone; the level of population of T. harzianum T39 remained similar and the parasitism of S. fusca by A. quisqualis was not nullified. The application of T. harzianum T39 to soil instead of spraying it resulted in 75–90% lower powdery mildew coverage on the leaves. It was concluded that the mode of action of T. harzianum T39 in powdery mildew control is induced resistance, not mycoparasitism or antibiotic action.

biocontrol Botrytis cinerea co-application induced resistance mycoparasitism oil mixtures Sphaerotheca fusca Trichodex 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Elad
    • 1
  • B. Kirshner
    • 1
  • N. Yehuda
    • 1
  • A. Sztejnberg
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant Pathology, AROThe Volcani CenterBet DaganIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The HebrewUniversity of JerusalemRehovotIsrael

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