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Polysaccharides of Calcareous Algae and Their Effect on the Calcification Process

Abstract

The composition and structure of polysaccharides from several groups of calcareous algae (including calcareous cyanobacteria), which differ in the calcification mode (extracellular, cell wall, or intracellular), are reviewed. Two families of marine algae, Corallinaceae (Rhodophyta) and Coccolithophoraceae (Prymnesiophyta = Haptophyta), are considered in detail; they exhibit the cell wall and intracellular calcification modes, respectively, and synthesize unusual polysaccharides that seem to directly participate in the calcification process.

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Bilan, M.I., Usov, A.I. Polysaccharides of Calcareous Algae and Their Effect on the Calcification Process. Russian Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry 27, 2–16 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009584516443

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009584516443

  • calcareous algae
  • calcification
  • Coccolithophoraceae
  • Corallinaceae
  • polysaccharides