Educational Psychology Review

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 1–14 | Cite as

Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Theories of Motivation from an Attributional Perspective

  • Bernard Weiner


Two related attribution theories of motivation are examined. One, an intrapersonal theory, includes self-directed thoughts (particularly expectancy of success) and self-directed emotions (pride, guilt, and shame). The second is an interpersonal theory and includes beliefs about the responsibility of others and other-directed affects of anger and sympathy. These two theories are respectively guided by the disparate metaphors of the person as a scientist and the person as a judge. Some experimental evidence supporting the conceptions and the range of phenomena that they incorporate are examined.

attribution emotion causal inference responsibility 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard Weiner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos Angeles

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