The differential hosts of Williams (1966) and the European Clubroot Differential (ECD) (Buczacki et al., 1975) have been used commonly to identify populations of Plasmodiophora brassicae, which causes clubroot disease in Brassica crops. However, some of these hosts showed intermediate and fluctuating scores to most populations from Japan. Therefore, these hosts could not be used to provide a clear classification in Japan. We have tried to clarify the genetic diversity in pathogenicity of P. brassicae in Japan using Japanese clubroot-resistant (CR) F1 hybrid (F1) cultivars and lines of Brassica rapa. The responses of some CR F1 cultivars were very clear. Four groups of field populations in Japan were recognized using the CR F1 cultivars. The clear response obtained here may depend largely on the genetic purity of the F1 cultivars. Moreover, it is possible to classify some of these Japanese populations into the same race using the Williams set and ECD 01 to ECD 05. The present differential hosts may be useful in the study of European populations of P. brassicae. The response of the differential hosts suggests that there are several major CR genes in B. rapa. It is suggested that pyramiding CR genes would be useful in breeding CR cultivars that can overcome the breakdown of the present CR cultivars of Chinese cabbage.
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Kuginuki, Y., Yoshikawa, H. & Hirai, M. Variation in Virulence of Plasmodiophora brassicae in Japan Tested with Clubroot-resistant Cultivars of Chinese Cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. pekinensis). European Journal of Plant Pathology 105, 327–332 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008705413127