The environmental challenges of the 21st century require co-operation between criminal justice experts and economists. Three different economics perspectives are relevant for the discipline of criminal justice in general and for adressing environmental problems in particular: neo-classical econoics, political economics and the economics of sustainable development. Criminal justice pays a role in the effort to attain sustainable development because the limitations of market based decision making necessitate a role for law and regulation in addressing environmental degradation. Sustainable development itself is relevant to the general discussion of crime. Issues of sustainable development are already discussed in criminal justice literature. While criminal law has limitations as a tool against environmental crime, it will necessarily suplement the tools of the market and civil regulation in coping with environmental problems. The inherently multidisciplinary undertaking of sustainable development will be most effectively met if experts in both economics and criminal justice understand more of one another's fields. Suggestions for including the three perspectives of economics in the criminal justice curriculum are provided.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Abelda, R., R. Drago and S. Shulman, Unlevel Playing Fields: Understanding Wage Inequality and Discrimination (New York: McGraw Hill, 1997).
Adler, F., “Offender-Specific vs Offense-Specific Approaches to the Study of Environmental Crime,” in S. Edwards, M. Edwards, D. Terry and C.B. Fields (eds.), Environmental Crime and Criminality (New York: Garland Publishing Inc., 1996a).
Adler, F., “A Note on Teaching International,” Journal of Criminal Justice Education 1996b (7:2).
Amott, T. and J.A. Matthaei, Race, Gender and Work (Boston: South End Press, 1991).
Baran, P.A., “On the Political Economy of Backwardness,” in K.P. Jameson and C.K. Wilber (eds.), The Political Economy of Development and Underdevelopment, Sixth Edition (New York: McGraw Hill, Inc., 1996).
Barbier, Edward B., Economics and Ecology: New Frontiers and Sustainable Development (London: Chapman and Hall, 1993).
Becker, G.S., “Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach,” Journal of Political Economy 1968 (March/April), 169-217.
Beckford, G.L., Persistent Poverty (New York: Oxford University Press, 1972).
Belknap, J., “The Economics-Crime Link,” Criminal Justice Abstracts 1989 (21:1), 140-157.
Beneria, L., “Accounting forWomen's Work: The Progress of Two Decades,” World Development 1992 (20:11), 1547-1560.
Beneria, L., “Towards a Greater Integration of Gender in Economics,” 1995 (23:11), 1839-1850.
Bennett, R.R., “Development and Crime: A Cross-National, Time-Series Analysis of Competing Models,” The Sociological Quarterly 1991 (32:3), 343-363.
Bergman, B., The Economic Emergence of Women (New York: Basic Books, 1986).
Block, M.M. and J.M. Heineke, “A Labor Theoretic Analysis of the Criminal Choice,” American Economic Review 1975 (65:3), 314-325.
Borjas, G.J., “Ethnicity, Neighborhoods, and Human-Capital Externalities,” American Economic Review 1995 (85:3), 365-390.
Bowker, L.H. (ed.), Women and Crime in America (New York: MacMillan, 1981).
Bowles, S. and Carlen, P. and A. Worrall (eds.), Gender, Crime and Justice (Milton Keynes, England: Open University Press, 1987).
Chesney-Lind, M., “Women and Crime: The Female Offender,” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 1986(12:1), 78-96.
Chilton, R. and S.K. Datesman, “Gender, Race, and Crime: An Analysis of Urban Arrest Trends,” Gender and Society 1987 (1:2 (June)), 152-171.
Chiricos, T.G., “Rates of Crime and Unemployment: An Analysis of Aggregate Research Evidence,” Social Problems 1987 (34:2), 187-212.
Clifford, W., Development and Crime (Chichester and London: Barry Rose Publishers, 1973).
Clinard, M. and P. Yeager, “Corporate Organization and Criminal Behavior,” in R. Ermann and R. Lundman (eds.), Corporate and Governmental Deviance: Problems of Organization Behavior in Contemporary Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987).
Clinard, M.B. and D.J. Abbott, Crime in Developing Countries (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1973).
Cloward, R.A. and L.E. Ohlin, Delinquency and Opportunity: A Theory of Delinquency (New York: The Free Press, 1960).
Cobb, C., T. Halstead and J. Rowe, “If the GDP is Up, Why is America Down?,” Atlantic Monthly 1995 (October), 59.
Cohen, L.E. and M. Felson, “Social Changes and Crime Rate Trends: A Routine Activity Approach,” American Sociological Review 1979 (44), 588-608.
Cohen, M.A., “Environmental Crime and Punishment: Legal/Economic Theory and Empirical Evidence on Enforcement of Federal Environmental Statutes,” The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 1992 (82:4), 1054-1108.
Cornia, G., J. Richard and S. Francis (eds.), Adjustment with a Human Face, Vol. 1 (New York:, UNICEF/Clarendon Press, 1987).
Croall, H., White Collar Crime (Philadelphia: Open University Press, 1992).
Daly, H.E. and J.B. Cobb, Jr., For the Common Good (Boston: Beacon Press, 1994).
Darity, W. and S.L. Myers, Jr., The Black Underclass (New York: Garland, 1994).
del Frate, A.A. and J. Norberry (eds.), Environmental Crime, Sanctioning Strategies and Sustainable Development, United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute and Australian Institute of Criminology. Publication No. 50 Rome/Canberra, 1993.
Devine, J.A., J.F. Sheley and M.D. Smith, “Macroeconomic and Social-Control Policy Influences on Crime Rate Changes, 1948-1985,” American Sociological Review 1988 (53 (June)), 407-420.
Dilulio, J., Jr., “Prisons, Profits and the Public Good: The Privatization of Corrections,” Research Bulletin 1986 (1), 1-4.
Durkheim, E., The Division of Labor in Society, Translated from the French by G. Simpson, Ph.D., 1949 (Illinois: The Free Press Glencoe, 1893).
Edwards, S.M., “Environmental Criminal Enforcement: Efforts by the States,” in S.M. Edwards, T.D. Edwards and C.B. Fields (eds.), Environmental Crime and Criminality (New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1996).
Edwards, S.M., T.D. Edwards and C.B. Fields, Environmental Crime and Criminality (New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1996).
Elson, D., “Gender-Aware Analysis and Development Economics,” in K.P. Jameson and C.K. Wilber (eds.), The Political Economy of Development and Underdevelopment, Sixth Edition (New York: McGraw Hill, Inc., 1996).
Epstein, J. and T.M. Hammett, Law Enforcement Response to Environmental Crime, National Institute of Justice. Office of Justice Programs (Washington: January 1995).
Ermann, R. and R. Lundman, Corporate and Governmental Deviance: Problems of Organization Behavior in Contemporary Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987).
Felson, M., Crime and Everyday Life (Thousand Oaks, California: Pine Forge Press, 1994).
Fisher, S., “Economic Development and Crime: The Two May be Associated as an Adaptation to Industrialism in Social Revolution,” American Journal of Economics and Sociology 1987 (46:1), 17-34.
Folbre, N., Who Pays for the Kids? (New York: Routledge, 1994).
Frank, A.G., “The Development of Underdevelopment,” in K.P. Jameson and C.K. Wilber (eds.), The Political Economy of Development and Underdevelopment, Sixth Edition (New York: McGraw Hill, Inc., 1996).
Friday, P.C., “The Need to Integrate Comparative and International Criminal Justice into a Traditional Curriculum,” Journal of Criminal Justice Education 1996 (7:2).
Geis, G., “The Heavy Electrical Equipment Antitrust Cases of 1961,” in R. Ermann and C.R.... 1987.
Graham, Corporate Environmental Crime, Doctoral dissertation (Nashville, Tennessee: Vanderbilt University, 1994).
Gunningham, N., J. Norberry and S. McKillip (eds.), Environmental Crime (Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, 1993).
Guttentag, M., “The Relationship of Unemployment to Crime and Delinquency,” Journal of Social Issues 1968 (24:1), 105-113.
Hagan, “Crime, Race, and Gender,” Crime and Delinquency 1985 (January), 124-146.
Hamilton, R. and V. James, “A Look at Economics in Criminal Justice Education.” Hartman, H.I., “The Unhappy Marriage of Marxism and Feminism: Towards a more Progressive Union,” Capital and Class 1979 (8 (Summer)).
Helleiner, G.K., “Conventional Foolishness and Overall Ignorance: Current Approaches to Global Transformation and Development,” in K.P. Jameson and C.K. Wilber (eds.), The Political Economy of Development and Underdevelopment, Sixth Edition (New York: McGraw Hill, Inc., 1996).
Henderson, H., “What's Next in the Great Debate About Measuring Wealth and Progress,” Challenge 1996 (Nov/Dec), 50-56.
Hill, G.C. and E.M. Crawford, “Women, Race, and Crime,” Criminology 1990 (28:4), 601-625.
Hoffman, J., “Macroeconomic Indicators and New York City Women's Drug Arrest Rates,” Social Justice 1997a (10 (April) 82-106).
Hoffman, J., “Maintaining the Roots,” Futures 1997b (November).
Hsiegh, Ching-Chi and M.D. Pugh, “Poverty, Income, Inequality and Violent Crime: A Meta-Analysis of Recent Aggregate Data Studies,” Criminal Justice Review 1993 (18:2), 182-202.
Hyatt, W.D. and T.L. Trexler, “Environmental Crime and Organized Crime: What Will the Future Hold?,” in S.M. Edwards, T.D. Edwards and C.B. Fields (eds.), Environmental Crime and Criminality (New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1996).
Hymer, S., “The Multinational Corporation and the Law of Uneven Development,” in D. Mermelstein (ed.), Economics: Mainstream Readings and Radical Critiques (New York: Random House, 1976).
Jameson, K.P. and C.K. Wilber, The Political Economy of Development and Underdevelopment, Sixth Edition (New York: McGraw Hill, Inc., 1996).
Klitgaard, R., Controlling Corruption (Berkeley and London: University of California Press, 1988).
Kuenne, R.E., The Theory of General Economic Equilibrium (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1963).
Lai, D., The Misconceptions of 'Development Economics,' in Jameson, K.P. (see above).
Leonard, E., “Theoretical Criminology and Gender,” in B.R. Price and N.J. Sokoloff (eds.), Criminal Justice System and Women Offenders (New York: McGraw Hill, 1994).
Liskia, A.E. and M. Tausig, “Theoretical Interpretations of Social Class and Racial Differentials in Legal Decision-Making for Juveniles,” Sociological Quarterly 1979 (20), 197-207.
Long, S.K. and A.D. Witte, “Current Economic Trends: Implications For Crime and Criminal Justice,” in K.N. Wright (ed.), Crime and Criminal Justice in a Declining Economy (Cambridge, MA: Oelgeschlager, Gunn, and Hai, 1981) 69-143.
McGahey, R.M., “Economic Conditions, Neighborhood Organization, and Urban Crime,” in A.J. Reiss Jr. and M. Toney (eds.), “Communities and Crime,” Crime and Justice 1986 (8) (special issue).
Merton, R.K., Social Theory and Social Structure (Glencoe, Ill: Free Press, 1956).
Meyers, Jr., S.L., “The Economics of Crime in the Urban Ghetto,” Review of Black Political Economy 1978 (9:1), 43-59.
Miller, E.M., Street Women (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1986).
Morales, E., “Comprehensive Economic Development: An Alternative Measure to Reduce Cocain Supply,” Journal of Drug Issues 1990 (20:4), 629-637.
Mueller, G.O., “An Essay on Environmental Criminality,” in S.M. Edwards, T.D. Edwards and C.B. Fields (eds.), Environmental Crime and Criminality (New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1996).
Myers Debate About Measuring Wealth and Progress, Challenge 1996 (Nov/Dec), 50-56.
Nickerson, G., “Analytical Problems in Explaining Criminal Behavior: Neoclassical and Radical Economic Theories and an Alternative Formulation,” Review of Radical Political Economics 1983 (15:4), 1-23.
Pain, N., “Criminal Law and Environment Protection,” in N. Gunningham, J. Norberry and S. McKillop (eds.), Environmental Crime (Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, 1993).
Papandreou, A., “The Myth Of Market Capitalism,” in D. Mermelstein (ed.), Economics: Mainstream Readings and Radical Critiques (New York: Random House, 1976).
Parker, R.N. and A.V. Horwitz, “Unemployment and Imprisonment: A Panel Approach,” Criminology 1986 (24:4), 751-774.
Perotti, R., “Political Equilibrium, Income Distribution and Growth,” Review of Economic Studies 1993 (60), 755-776.
Persson, T. and G. Tabellini, “Is Inequality Harmful for Growth?,” American Economic Review 1994 (84:3), 600-621.
Pitroda, S.S., “From GATT to WTO: The Institutionalization of World Trade,” Harvard International Review 1995 (Spring).
Price, B.R. and N.J. Sokoloff (eds.), Criminal Justice System and Women Offenders (New York: McGraw Hill, 1994).
Repetto, R., W. Magrath, M. Wells, C. Beer and F. Rossini, Wasting Assets: Natural Resources in the National Income Accounts (Washington DC: World Resources Institute, 1989).
Robinson, B., “The Nature of Environmental Crime,” in N. Gunningham, J. Norberry and S. McKillop (eds.), Environmental Crime (Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, 1993).
Rostow, W.W., The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960).
Saari, D., “Mathematical Complexity of Simple Economics,” Notices of the American Mathematical Society 1995 (42:2), 222-224.
Savitch, H.V., “Ties That Bind,” Urban Development Quarterly 1993, 341-357.
Schicor, D., Punishment for Profit, Private Prisons/Public Concerns (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1995).
Schiller, B., The Economy Today (New York: McGraw Hill, 2000).
Shicor, D., ‘Effects of Development on Official Crime Rates,’ Soociology and Social Research 1985 (70:) 9.
Sen, A.K., Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981).
Sen, A.K., “Which Way Now,” in K.P. Jameson and C.K. Wilber (eds.), The Political Economy of Development and Underdevelopment, Sixth Edition (New York: McGraw Hill, Inc., 1996).
Sethi, R. and E. Somanathan, “The Evolution of Social Norms in Common Property Resource Use,” American Economic Review 1997 (86:4), 766-788.
Shichor, D., “Effects of Development on Official Crime Rates,” Sociology and Social Research 1985 (70), 96-97.
Silberman, C.E., “'Beware the Day They Change Their Minds': Race, Culture, and Crime,” Criminal Violence, Criminal Justice (New York: Random House, 1978).
Smith, D.A., “Police Responses to Interpersonal Violence: Defining the Parameters of Legal Control,” Social Forces 1987 (65 (March)), 3.
Smith, D. and J. Klein, “Police Control of Interpersonal Disputes,” Social Problems 1984 (31:4).
Smyth, D., “Achievements, New Directions from 1994 ILO Conference,” Monthly Labor Review 1994 (September), 46-51.
Steffensmeier, D. and E. Allan, “Youth, Underemployment, and Property Crime: Differential Effects of Job Availability and Job Quality on Juvenile and Young Adult Arrest Rates,” American Sociological Review 1989 (54:1), 107-123.
Sutherland, E.H. and D.R. Cressey, Criminology (New York: Lipponcott, 1978).
Swepston, L., “The Future of ILO Standards,” Monthly Labor Review 1994 (September), 16-23.
Swinnerton, K.A. and G.K. Schoepfle, “Labor Standards in the Context of a Global Economy,” Monthly Labor Review 1994 (September), 52-58.
Taylor, D.E., “Environmental Justice: The Birth of a Movement,” Dollars and Sense 1996 (204 (March/April)), 22-23, 48-49.
Tietenberg, T., Environmental and Natural Resource Economics (New York: Harper Collins, 1996).
Tokar, B., ‘Trading Away the Earth,’ Dollars and Sense 1996 (204 (March/April), 24.
Trainer, Ted, Towards a Sustainable Economy (Sydney: Envirobook and Oxford Jon Carpenter Publishing, 1996).
Turk, A., “Law, Conflict and Order: From Theorizing toward Theories,” Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology 1976 (13), 282-294.
United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Human Development Report (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995).
United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), Our Common Future. Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development (New York: United Nations, 1987).
Vandiver, K., “Why Should My Conscience Bother Me?,” in R. Ermann and R. Lundman (eds.), Corporate and Governmental Deviance: Problems of Organization Behavior in Contemporary Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987).
Vig, Norman J. and Michael E. Kraft, Environmental Policy in the 1990s (Washington DC: Congressional Quarterly Press, 1996).
Vold, G., Theoretical Criminology (New York: Oxford University Press, 1958).
Wilkinson, R.G., “National Mortality Rates: The Impact of Inequality?,” American Journal of Public Health 1992 (82:8), 1082-1084.
Wilson, W.J., When Work Disappears (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996).
Woff, E., Economics of Poverty, Inequality and Discrimination (Cincinnati, Ohio: Random House, 1997).
Worrall, A. (ed.), Gender, Crime and Justice (Milton Keynes, England: Open University Press, 1987).
Zvekic-Uglijesa (ed.), Essays on Crime and Development (Rome: U.N. Interregional Crime-Justice Research Institute, 1990).
About this article
Cite this article
Hoffman, J. Sustainable economic development: A criminal justice challenge for the 21st century. Crime, Law and Social Change 34, 275–299 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008360426802
- Economic Development
- Sustainable Development
- 21st Century
- Political Economic
- Criminal Justice