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Diatom-based interpretation of sediment banding in an urbanized lake

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Abstract

Sediment stratigraphy and diatom succession were studied in an 80.5-cm core taken from the deepest part of Third Sister Lake, a small kettle hole in a recently urbanized landscape of southeastern Michigan. Alternating light clay and dark organic bands documented sporadic inputs of clay from outside the basin during rain events, rather than annual laminations. Urban construction activity also disrupted the inflow stream bed and facilitated transport of clay into the lake to generate non-rhythmic banding in the lake's deep hole. Diatom analysis revealed dramatic changes in predominant taxa with sediment depth verifying the non-annual nature of the sediment bands. Observation of halophilic diatom taxa also documented effects of human activity such as road salting on this small, urban lake.

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Hammer, B.K., Stoermer, E.F. Diatom-based interpretation of sediment banding in an urbanized lake. Journal of Paleolimnology 17, 437–449 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1007910732353

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