Journal of Insect Behavior

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 239–246 | Cite as

Foraging Distances of Bombus muscorum, Bombus lapidarius, and Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera, Apidae)

  • Kerstin Walther-Hellwig
  • Robert Frankl
Bombus foraging behavior flight distance 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alford, D. V. (1975). Bumblebees, Davis-Poynter, London.Google Scholar
  2. Brian, A. D. (1954). The foraging of bumble bees. Part I. Foraging behaviour. Bee World 35(4): 61-67.Google Scholar
  3. Bowers, M. A. (1985). Bumble bee colonization, extinction, and reproduction in subalpine meadows in northeastern Utah Ecol 66(3): 914-927.Google Scholar
  4. Cresswell, J. E., Bassom, A. P., Bell, S. A., Collins, S. J., and Kelly, T. B. (1995). Predicted pollen dispersal by honey-bees and three species of bumble-bees foraging on oil-seed rape: a comparison of three models. Funct Ecol 9: 829-841.Google Scholar
  5. Dramstad, W. E. (1996). Do bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) really forage close to their nests? J. Ins. Behav. 9(2): 163-182.Google Scholar
  6. Dukas, R., and Real, L. A. (1993). Effects of recent experience on foraging decision by bumblebees. Oecologia 94: 244-246.Google Scholar
  7. Free, J. B., and Butler, C. G. (1959). Bumblebees, New Naturalist Series, Collins, London.Google Scholar
  8. Gathmann, A., Greiler, H.-J., and Tscharntke, T. (1994). Trap-nesting bees and wasps colonizing set-aside fields: Succession and body size, management by cutting and sowing. Oecologia 98: 8-14.Google Scholar
  9. Goulson, D., Stout, J. C., Hawson, S. A., and Allen, J. A. (1998). Floral display size in comfrey, Symphytum officinale L. (Boraginaceae): relationships with visitation by three bumblebee species and subsequent seed set. Oecologia 113: 502-508.Google Scholar
  10. Hedtke, C. (1996a). Untersuchungen zur Heimfindeleistung von Bombus (Hymenoptera, Apidae): Eine Analyse der leistungsbeeinflussenden Faktoren. Schriftenreihe des Länderinstituts fü r Bienenkunde Hohen Neuendorf 2, Berlin.Google Scholar
  11. Hedtke, C. (1996b). Heimfinden von Apis mellifera and 4 Bombus-Arten im Vergleich. Apidologie 27: 320-323.Google Scholar
  12. Heinrich, B. (1976). The foraging specializations of individual bumblebees. Ecol. Monogr 46: 105-128.Google Scholar
  13. Heinrich, B. (1979a). Bumblebee Economics, Harvard University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  14. Heinrich, B. (1979b). “Majoring” and “inoring” by foraging bumblebees, Bombus vagans: An experimental analysis. Ecology 60(2): 245-255.Google Scholar
  15. Heinrich, B. (1979c). Resource heterogeneity and patterns of movement in foraging bumblebees. Oecologia 40: 235-245.Google Scholar
  16. Heinrich, B., Mudge, P. R., and Deringis, P. G. (1977). Laboratory analysis of flower constancy in foraging bumblebees: B. ternarius and B. terricola, Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 2: 247-265.Google Scholar
  17. Jones, K. N. (1997). Analysis of pollinator foraging: Tests for non-random behaviour. Funct Ecol 11: 255-259.Google Scholar
  18. Kwak, M. M., Kremer, P., Boerrichter, E., and van den Brand, C. (1991). Pollination of the rare species Phyteuma nigrum (Campanulaceae): Flight distances of bumblebees. Roc. Exper. Appl. Entomol., N.E.V. Amsterdam 2: 131-136.Google Scholar
  19. Osborne, J. L., Clark, S. J., Morris, R. J., Williams, I. H., Riley, J. R., Smith, A. D., Reynolds and Edwards, A. S. (1999). A landscape study of bumble bee foraging range and constancy, using harmonic radar. J. Appl. Ecol. 36: 519-533.Google Scholar
  20. Prys-Jones, O. E., and Corbet, S. A. (1987). Bumblebees, Naturalists' Handbooks 6, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  21. Rotenberry, J. T. (1990). Variable floral phenology: Temporal resource heterogeneity and its implications for flower visitors. Holarct. Ecol. 13: 1-10.Google Scholar
  22. Saville, N. M., Dramstad, W. E., Fry, G. L. A., and Corbet, S. A. (1997). Bumblebee movement in a fragmented agricultural landscape. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 61: 145-154.Google Scholar
  23. Sowing, P. (1989). Effects of flowering plant's patch size on species composition of pollinator communities, foraging strategies, and resource partitioning in bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Oecologia 78: 550-558.Google Scholar
  24. Teräs, I. (1985). Food plants and flower visits of bumblebees (Bombus: Hymenoptera, Apidae) in southern Finland. Acta Zool. Fenn. 179: 1-120.Google Scholar
  25. Thomson, J. D., Peterson, S. C., and Harder, L. D. (1987). Response of traplining bumble bees to competition experiments: shifts in feeding location and efficiency. Oecologia 71: 295-300.Google Scholar
  26. Witte, G. R., Seger, J., and Häfner, N. (1989). Hummelschauanlagen. Verö ffentl. des Schulbiologiezentrums, Hannover.Google Scholar
  27. Walther-Hellwig, K., and Frankl, R. (in press): Foraging habitats and foraging distances of bumblebees (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Bombus spp.) in an agricultual landscape. J. Appl. Ent. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kerstin Walther-Hellwig
    • 1
  • Robert Frankl
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of General and Special Zoology, Animal EcologyUniversity of GiessenGiessenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Nature ConservationUniversity of MarburgGermany

Personalised recommendations