European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 185–188 | Cite as

Copper and zinc content in human milk in Croatia

  • Zlatko Mandić
  • Milena L. Mandić
  • Jerica Grgić
  • Zdravko Grgić
  • Tomislav Klapec
  • Ljiljana Primorac
  • Damir Hasenay


The aim of this paper was to research whether there had been any statistically significant difference in the content of Cu and Zn in human milk depending on the social status of women (refugee and non-refugee), age, number of deliveries, days after delivery, weight gained by nursing women and smoking habits, as well as whether the infants had received sufficient quantities of these elements. The elements were determined by flame atomic absorption spectroscopy. The samples were collected in the Clinical Hospital Osijek and Refugee Centre Nabrde, near Osijek, Eastern Croatia. The Cu in human milk ranged from 0.27 mg/l to 1.35 mg/l, and Zn from 0.62 mg/l to 15.0 mg/l. The mean levels of Cu and Zn for each group, formed according to the results of the questionnaire are presented too. Calculated daily dietary intake of these elements accords with the RDA.

Copper Human milk Zinc Croatia 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zlatko Mandić
    • 1
  • Milena L. Mandić
    • 2
  • Jerica Grgić
    • 3
  • Zdravko Grgić
    • 3
  • Tomislav Klapec
    • 2
  • Ljiljana Primorac
    • 2
  • Damir Hasenay
    • 2
  1. 1.Pediatric DepartmentClinical Hospital OsijekOsijekCroatia
  2. 2.Faculty of Food TechnologyUniversity JJ StrossmayerOsijekCroatia
  3. 3.Institute of Public HealthOsijekCroatia

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