Two hundred and sixty predominantly White participants completed a measure of trait emotional intelligence (EI) and estimated their scores on 15 EI facets on a normal distribution with 100 points as the mean and 15 points as a standard deviation. Females scored higher than males on the “social skills” factor of measured trait EI. However, when the 15 facets of self-estimated EI were combined into a single reliable scale and the participants's measured trait EI scores were held constant, it was demonstrated that males believed they had higher EI than females. Most of the correlations between measured and self-estimated scores were significant and positive, thereby indicating that people have some insight into their EI. Correlations between measured and self-estimated scores were generally higher for males than females, and a regression analysis indicated that gender was a significant predictor of self-estimated EI.
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Petrides, K.V., Furnham, A. Gender Differences in Measured and Self-Estimated Trait Emotional Intelligence. Sex Roles 42, 449–461 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1007006523133
- Standard Deviation
- Normal Distribution
- Regression Analysis
- Gender Difference
- Social Psychology