, 143:155 | Cite as

Impact of some ecological factors on the occurrence of poultry soil-inhabiting keratinophiles

  • Sanjana Kaul
  • Geeta Sumbali


Investigations were conducted to assess the ecological factors governing distribution and survival of keratinophilic fungi in poultry farm soils. All the poultry farm soils were rich in humus and the keratinophilic fungi were generally found to be proportional to the soil organic matter. These soils were nearly neutral to weakly alkaline and organically rich with a high content of organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, calcium and iron.

ecological factors keratinophilic poultry soil fungi 


  1. 1.
    Otsenasek M. Ecology of the dermatophytes. Mycopathologia 1978; 65: 67‐72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Vanbreuseghem R. Keratin digestion by dermatophytes; a specific diagnostic method. Mycologia 1953; 44: 176‐182.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hesselltine CW, Dorothy IF. The genus Circinella. Mycologia XLVII 1955; 193‐212.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Carmichael JW. Chrysosporium and other aleuriosporic hyphomycetes. Can J Bot 1962; 40: 1137‐1173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Raper KB, Fennel DI. The genus Aspergillus. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1965.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Booth C. The genus Fusarium. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew, Surrey. England, 1971.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ellis MB. Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew Surrey, England, 1971.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sigler L and Carmichael JW. Taxonomy of Malbranchea and some other hyphomycetes with arthroconidia. Mycotaxon 1976; 4: 349‐488.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Van Oorschot CAN. A revision of Chrysosporium and allied genera. Studies in Mycol 1980; 20: 1‐89.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chabasse D. Taxonomic study of keratinophilic fungi isolated from soil and some mammals in France. Mycopathologia 1988; 101: 133‐140.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Walkley A, Black CA. An examination of methods for determining organic carbon and nitrogen in soils. J Agri Sci 1935; 1935; 25: 589‐609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Vogel AI. A Text Book of Quantitative Inorganic Analysis. The English Language Book Society and Longmans, Green and Co. Ltd. 1964: 1‐1216.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chopra SL, Kanwar JS. Analytical Agricultural Chemistry. New Delhi: Kalyani publishers, 1976.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Chmel S, Hasilikova A, Hrasco J, Vlasilikova A. The influence of some ecological factors on keratinophilic fungi in the soil. Sabouraudia 1972; 10: 26‐34.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ajello L, Padhye AA. Keratinophilic fungi of the Galapagos islands. Mykosen 1974; 17: 239‐243.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chmel L, Vlasilikova A. The ecology of keratinophilic fungi at different depths of soil. Sabouraudia 1975; 13: 185‐191.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Abdel Fattah HM, Moubasher AH, Maghazy SM. Keratinolytic fungi in Egyptian soils. Mycopathologia 1982; 79: 49‐53.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Schonborn C. Zur Vorkommen Von. Chrysosporium keratinophilum (Frey) Carmichael und einer thermophilen variante in Erdboden und bei Tieren, Mykosen 1983; 11: 847‐864.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Schonborn C. Incidence of Chrysosporium keratinophilum in soil. Mykosen 1968; 329.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Muhammed SI, Lalji N. The distribution of geophilic dermatophytes in Kenyan soils. Mycopathologia 1978; 63: 95‐97.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kuester E, Safwat. Untersuchungen zur Kompostierung von Federn. (Studies on the composting of feathers.) Zbl. Batch.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mercantini R, Marsella R, Caprilli F. Dovgiallo G. Isolation of dermatophytes and correlated species from the soil of public gardens and parks in Rome. Sabouraudia 1980; 18: 123‐128.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kaul S, Sumbali G. Keratinolysis by poultry farm soil fungi. Mycopathologia 1997; 139: 137‐140.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Pugh GJF, Mathison GE. Studies on fungi in coastal soil’s III An ecological survey of keratinophilic fungi. 1962; Trans Brit Mycol Soc 1962; 4: 567‐572.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Bohme H, Ziegler H. The distribution of geophilic dermatophytes and other keratinophilic fungi in relation to the pH of the soil. Mycopath Mycol Appl 1968; 38: 247‐255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Hubalek Z. Fungi associated with free living birds in Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. Acta Sci Nat Acad Sci Bohem Bmo 1974; 8: 1‐71.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Blaschke-Helimesson R. Verbreitung Keratinophiler Boden pilze in Dresdener Raun in Abangigkeit von pH ‐ Wert des Standortes. Mykosen 1969; 12: 551‐556.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Bohme H, Ziegler H. The distribution of geophilic dermatophytes and other keratinophilic fungi in relation to the ph of the soil. Mycopath Mycol Appl 1968; 38: 247‐255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjana Kaul
    • 1
  • Geeta Sumbali
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of JammuJammu J &India

Personalised recommendations