Advertisement

Social Indicators Research

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 283–298 | Cite as

Children's Rights and Children's Quality of Life: Conceptual and Practical Issues

  • FERRAN CASAS
Article

Abstract

Social representations of childhood are presented briefly, and the Convention of the Rights of the Child of the United Nations is analysed as an opportunity to change some representations that make adults think of children as a different, less important category of people. If the Convention becomes a reality, it is considered that children's well-being and children's quality of life should improve. The need of social indicators and of data from children's own perspective is discussed -- as for example research data on children's perceptions and evaluations of their own rights --. Implementation and monitoring the Convention is analysed as an important challenge for the academic community. Some important aspects to be considered from the international perspective are presented, selected among the preliminary conclusions of some country case studies of an international project actually trying to develop children's rights indicators.

Keywords

Social Representation Research Data Important Challenge Practical Issue Social Indicator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Alston, Ph. (ed.): 1994, The Best Interests of the Child. Reconciling Culture and Human Rights (UNICEF-ICDC. Clarendon Press, Oxford).Google Scholar
  2. Black, M.: 1994, Monitoring the Rights of Children (UNICEF-ICDC, Florence (Italy)).Google Scholar
  3. Casas, F.: 1989, Técnicas de investigación social: Los indicadores sociales y psicosociales (PPU, Barcelona).Google Scholar
  4. Casas, F.: 1994a, 'Children's participation in European society', Proceedings of the Conference on Evolution of the Role of Children in Family Life: Participation and Negotiation. (Council of Europe, Strasbourg, Madrid) (1–3 December).Google Scholar
  5. Casas, F.: 1994b, 'Monitoring children's rights and monitoring childhood: Different tasks? Plenary session on “The content of monitoring”', European Conference Monitoring Children's Rights (Univ of Ghent, Ghent).Google Scholar
  6. Casas, F.: 1995, 'Social representations of childhood', European Intensive Course in Children's Rights (ERASMUS Program, Salerno (Italy)).Google Scholar
  7. Cherney, I. and N. W. Perry: 1994, 'Children's attitudes toward their rights: An international perspective', in F. Casas (ed.), Psychosocial Perspective on Childhood. Symposium in the 23rd International Congress of Applied Psychology (Madrid, Spain).Google Scholar
  8. Childwatch International: 1995 (updated), Indicators for Children's Rights. A Project to Identify and Develop Indicators for Use in Monitoring the Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (Childwatch International, Oslo) (first version, 1993).Google Scholar
  9. Chombart de Lauwe, M. J.: 1971, Un monde autre: l'enfance. De ses représentations à son mythe (Payot, Paris).Google Scholar
  10. Chombart de Lauwe, M. J.: 1984, 'Changes in the representation of the child in the course of social transmission', in R. Farr and S. Moscovici (eds.), Social Representations (Cambridge Univ Press, Cambridge).Google Scholar
  11. Chombart de Lauwe, M. J.: 1989, 'La représentation sociale dans le domaine de l'enfance', in D. Jodelet (ed.), Les représentations sociales (PUF, Paris).Google Scholar
  12. Committee on the Rights of the Child: 1992, Report from the 2nd. Session, 28 Sept-9 Oct 1992. CRC/C/10 (Geneva, United Nations).Google Scholar
  13. Council of Europe: 1994, Ages at Which Children Are Legally Entitled to Carry Out Series of Acts in Council of Europe Member Countries (CDPS - Council of Europe, Strasbourg).Google Scholar
  14. Ek, S. (ed.): 1994, Monitoring Mechanisms in Sweden. UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (Rädda Barnen, Stockholm).Google Scholar
  15. Ennew, J.: 1996, Indicators for Children's Rights - A Resource File (Childwatch International, Oslo).Google Scholar
  16. Freeman, M. and P. E. Veerman (eds.): 1992, The Ideologies of Children's Rights (Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht).Google Scholar
  17. Garbarino, J.: 1992, 'Cuestiones conceptuales en la investigación de indicadores sociales del bienestar infantil', Intervención Psicosocial 2, pp. 59–71.Google Scholar
  18. Garbarino, J., F. M. Stott et al.: 1989, What Children Can Tell Us (Jossey-Bas, Chicago).Google Scholar
  19. Hernández, D.: 1993, America's Children (Sage, N. York).Google Scholar
  20. Huebner, E. S.: 1991, 'Correlates of life satisfaction in children', School Psychology Quarterly 6, pp. 103–111.Google Scholar
  21. Jensen, A. M. and A. Saporiti: 1992, 'Do children count? Childhood as a social phenomenon. A statistical compendium', Eurosocial Report 36(17).Google Scholar
  22. Jordan, T. E.: 1993, 'Estimating the quality of life for children around the world: NICQL '92', Social Indicators Research 30, pp. 17–38.Google Scholar
  23. Miljeteig, P.: 1994, The Role of NGOs and Institutes of Higher Learning in Supporting the Implementation and Monitoring of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (Childwatch International, Oslo).Google Scholar
  24. Miljeteig, P.: 1994, 'How could research support the implementation and monitoring of the Convention on the Rights of the Child', Seminar on Children in a Period of Transition: Childhood Research and Policies in Central and Eastern Europe (Vienna) (25–27 Nov).Google Scholar
  25. Moore, K. A. (Coord.): 1995, 'New social indicators of child well-being', Eurosocial Report 56.Google Scholar
  26. Moscovici, S.: 1981, 'On social representations', in J. P. Forgas (ed.), Social Cognition: Perspectives on Everyday Understanding (Academic Press, London), pp. 181–209.Google Scholar
  27. Ochaita, E., M. A. Espinosa and M. C. Grediaga: 1994, '¿Cómo entienden los niños el derecho a la igualdad?', Infancia y Sociedad 27–28, pp. 61–76.Google Scholar
  28. Qvortrup, J.: 1990, 'Childhood as a social phenomenon - An introduction to a series of national reports', Eurosocial Report 36.Google Scholar
  29. Saporiti, A.: 1996, 'Statistics on childhood', International Interdisciplinary Course on Children's Rights (Children's Rights Center - University of Ghent, Ghent (Belgium)).Google Scholar
  30. Seltzer, J. A. and D. R. Meyer: 1996, 'Child support and children's well-being', Focus 17(3), pp. 31–36.Google Scholar
  31. Therborn, G.: 1996, 'Child politics. Dimensions and perspectives', Childhood 3, pp. 29–44.Google Scholar
  32. UNESCO-Childwatch International-UNICEF: 1995, Children's Rights (UNESCO, Paris).Google Scholar
  33. UNICEF: 1994, State of the World's Children 1994 (Oxford University Press, Oxford).Google Scholar
  34. UNICEF: 1995, El progreso de las naciones (UNICEF, N. York/Oxfordshire/ Barcelona).Google Scholar
  35. Veerman, P. E.: 1992, The Rights of the Child in the Changing Image of Childhood (Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht).Google Scholar
  36. Verhellen, E.: 1992, 'Los derechos de los niños y las niñas en Europa', Infancia y Sociedad 15, pp. 37–60.Google Scholar
  37. Verhellen, E. and F. Spiesschaert: 1994, Children's Rights: Monitoring Issues (Mys & Breesch, Ghent).Google Scholar
  38. Zill, N.: 1995, 'Back to the future: Improving child indicators by remembering their origins', Focus 16(3), pp. 17–24.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • FERRAN CASAS
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psicologia Social (University of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

Personalised recommendations