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Abscission and thinning of young fruit and thier regulation by plant hormones and bioregulators

Abstract

Natural abscission of young fruit and its regulation by plant hormones isconsidered and compared to the generally accepted model of “senescencetriggered” abscission of, for example, leaves or mature fruit. It isconcluded that abscission of young fruit cannot be explained by this model.Alternatively, it is suggested that the senescence triggered initial step inthe classical abscission model should be replaced by a “correlativelytriggered” step. Polar basipetal IAA transport with its autostimulation andautoinhibition components is the main regulating signal in this correlativeacting system and replaces ethylene as the initial driving force from thesenescence triggered model.Results supporting this model are presented and tested against existingresults from the literature. Finally, this hypothesis is tested as a possibleexplanation of the “mode of action” of some thinning chemicals orbioregulators. It is speculated how a thinning chemical should be designedto function in a more reliable way, at least as far as its interference with the endogenous hormone system is concerned.

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Bangerth, F. Abscission and thinning of young fruit and thier regulation by plant hormones and bioregulators. Plant Growth Regulation 31, 43–59 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006398513703

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006398513703

  • auxin transport
  • correlative abscission
  • mode of action of bioregulators
  • thinning of fruit