Skip to main content

Childhood eye injuries in North Jordan


Aims: To provide epidemiological data on serious eye injuries among children that can be utilized in planning health education and safety strategies for preventing such injuries. Materials and Methods: Records were reviewed of 116 children who sustained serious eye injuries which required admission to Princess Basma Teaching Hospital between October 1995 and November 1998. The material was analyzed retrospectively with respect to various epidemiological features. Results: 71.5% of the injured children were male and 28.5% were female. There was a marked preponderance of injuries in the age group 6–10 years. The majority of injuries occurred during play and sport (74.1%). Stones and sharp objects were the most common causes accounting for 18.1% and 17.2% respectively. Most of the sharp objects were household instruments. Perforating injuries were more common than non-perforating injuries. 56% of injured eyes had a low vision with visual acuity between 6/24 and 3/60, and 13% had a blinding outcome with visual acuity less than 3/60. Conclusion: The major causes of serious eye injuries among these children were unnecessary risks during play, the use of dangerous objects and insufficient supervision by adults, especially at home. Health education should be directed towards prevention of such serious injuries.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Maltzman BA, Pruzon H, Mund ML. A survey of ocular trauma. Surv Ophthalmol 1976; 21: 285–290.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Thordarson U, Ragnarso AT, Gudbrandsson B. Ocular trauma: Observation in 105 patients. Acta Ophthalmol 1979; 57: 922–928.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Canavan YM, O’Flaherty MJ, Archer DB, Elwood JH. A 10−year survey of eye injuries in Northern Ireland, 1967–76. Br J Ophthalmol 1980; 64: 618–625.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Ilsar M, Chirambo M, Belkin M. Ocular injuries in Malawi. Br J Ophthalmol 1982; 66: 145–148.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Rapoport I, Romem M, Kinek M, et al. Eye injuries in children in Israel: A nationwide collaborative study. Arch Ophthalmol 1990; 108: 376–379.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Werner S. On injuries to the eyes in children. Acta Ophthalmol 1952; 30: 97–104.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Gordon VJ, Mokete M. Pediatric ocular injuries in Lesotho. Doc Ophthalmol 1982; 53: 283–289.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Niiranen M, Ravio I. Eye injuries in children. Br J Ophthalmol 1981; 65: 436–438.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Grin TR, Nelson LB, Jeffers JB. Eye injuries in childhood. Pediatrics 1987; 80(1): 13–17.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Bergquist G, Jaafar MS. Eye trauma in children. Saudi Medical Journal 1988; 9: 289–295.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Vinger P. Sports−related eye injuries. A preventable problem. Surv Ophthalmol 1980; 25: 47–51.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Vinger P. Sports eye injuries, a preventable disease. Ophthalmology 1981; 88: 108–113.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Lambah P. Some common causes of eye injury in the young. Lancet 1962; 2: 1351–1353.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Savir H, Binder B, Epstein Z, et al. Eye injuries in children in Israel. Metab Pediatr Syst Ophthalmol 1978; 2: 357–359.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Wykes WN. A 10−year survey of penetrating eye injuries in Gwent, 1976–85. Br J Ophthalmol 1980; 72: 607–611.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Al-Bdour, M.D., Azab, M.A. Childhood eye injuries in North Jordan. Int Ophthalmol 22, 269–273 (1998).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

  • children
  • epidemiology
  • eye
  • injuries