Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 107–124 | Cite as

Impact of Hazardous Exposure to Metals in the Nile and Delta Lakes on the Catfish, Clarias lazera

  • K. G. Adham
  • I. F. Hassan
  • N. Taha
  • Th. Amin


The impact of metal pollution in the Nile and Delta lakes was studied in Clarias lazera. Lake Edku is grouped as the site highest in metal concentrations. Compared to Lakes Maryût and Edku, the Nile stations displayed lower levels of metal contamination signifying their selection as reference sites. Metals were accumulated most by the liver, less by muscles and least by serum. Iron showed the highest bioconcentration factors (BCF) in liver, muscles or serum compared to other metals. Even after the refinement of the surrounding water, fish seem to uphold the metals that have been previously ingested. Mercury, in particular, seems to eventually reside in muscles rather than in liver. The positive relationship between total serum protein and metal contents may indicate the formation of specific metal-binding proteins. Meanwhile, serum hyperalbuminemia in polluted fish is probably a shock response towards the high stress index induced by metals. The hypothesis that most of serum copper is bound to ceruloplasmin is documented also in C. lazera. Moderate, but not extennsive, exposure to metals was quite stimulatory to liver alkaline phosphatase (AP) biosynthesis. AP could, thus, be considered as a promising bioindicator for assessing sublethal water intoxicosis.

alkaline phosphatase catfish ceruloplasmin Delta lakes metal residue accumulation Nile serum proteins 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. G. Adham
    • 1
  • I. F. Hassan
    • 2
  • N. Taha
    • 2
  • Th. Amin
    • 3
  1. 1.Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Moharram BeyUniversity of AlexandriaAlexandriaEgypt
  2. 2.Department Physiology, Pharmacology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterenary MedicineEdfinaEgypt
  3. 3.Animal Health InstituteDokki, CairoEgypt

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