Systematic Parasitology

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 159–183 | Cite as

A revision of the Calicotylinae Monticelli, 1903(Monogenea: Monocotylidae)

  • Leslie A. Chisholm
  • Tom J. Hansknecht
  • Ian D. Whittington
  • Robin M. Overstreet


A total of 153 elasmobranchs (46 species), either freshly collected from the Gulf of Mexico, USA and Tasmania, Australia or museum specimens collected from various localities worldwide, were examined for calicotyline (Monocotylidae) monogeneans. Thirty-five elasmobranchs, representing 17 species, were infected with Calicotyle spp. which we identified as the following previously described species: C. asterii (Szidat, 1970) Timofeeva, 1985, C. kroyeri Diesing, 1850, C. macrocotyle Cordero, 1944, C. similis (Szidat, 1972) Timofeeva, 1985, C. splendens (Szidat, 1970) Timofeeva, 1985, C. stossichi Braun, 1899 and C. urolophi Chisholm, Beverley-Burton & Last, 1991. The Calicotylinae, which comprises the genera Calicotyle and Dictyocotyle, is revised based on supplementary material as well as deposited type-material. We consider 14 of the 17 nominal Calicotyle spp. to be valid. C. rosinae Kusnetzova, 1970 is synonymised with C. macrocotyle, C. sjegi Kusnetzova, 1970 is considered a species inquirenda and C. inermis Woolcock, 1936 a species incertae sedis. Additional data and illustrations to show the morphological features of the hamuli and male copulatory organ, the form of the intestinal caeca, vaginae and ovary and the distribution of the vitellarium are provided for all valid species. The distribution of the 14 hooklets in the adult haptor of Dictyocotyle coeliaca Nybelin, 1941 is illustrated for the first time. We provide new host and locality records for C. asterii, C. kroyeri, C. macrocotyle and C. stossichi and new locality records for C. similis and C. splendens. A key to species of the Calicotylinae is also included. Host-specificity, geographical distribution and the need for information regarding the development of individuals from juvenile to adult are discussed.


Morphological Feature Geographical Distribution Additional Data Valid Species Copulatory Organ 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leslie A. Chisholm
    • 1
  • Tom J. Hansknecht
    • 2
  • Ian D. Whittington
    • 1
  • Robin M. Overstreet
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ParasitologyThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.MobileUSA
  3. 3.Gulf Coast Research LaboratoryOcean SpringsUSA

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