Studies in Philosophy and Education

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 389–403 | Cite as

Conscientizacion y Comunidad: A Dialectical Description of Education as the Struggle for Freedom

  • Eduardo Manuel Duarte

Abstract

This paper contributes to those analyses that have discussed Hegel'sinfluence on Freire, and Freire's rethinking of Hegel. Yet, my “narrative” of the dialectic of conscientizacion, which I presenthere, is a novel attempt to “read” both thinkers simultaneously.Thus, in this paper I am exploring, and not didactically “proving” Gadotti's (1994) important, yet unqualified,claim that Hegel's dialectic ``can be considered the principaltheoretical framework of (Freire's) Pedagogy of the Oppressed.It could be said that the whole of his theory of conscientization has its roots in Hegel'' (p. 74). And in thisexploration, I am not demonstrating Freire's ``expansion'' ofHegel's dialectic (Schutte, 1990), nor taking a positionon whether or not the dialectic of Freire's Pedagogy of theOppressed supersedes the Hegelian dialectic (Torres, 1976). Nor am I offering a ``comparison'' of the two dialectics(Torres, 1994). (Of course, having made these claims,I am, as it were, taunting the reader to deconstruct mypiece.) My aim here is to immerse, or insert, myself intothe Freirean/Hegelian dialectic itself. I attempt to situatemyself within that peculiar position of the dialecticianwho ``braids'' ideas through synthetic textual analysis.I use a third person descriptive perspective thatincorporates the ``voices'' of Freire and Hegel, and, thereby, weave a ``new'' synthesized account of theemergence of critical consciousness within the formaleducational setting.

Freire Hegel submergence alienation being-for-another master/slave dialectic emergence dread freedom conversion intervention Conscientizacion 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arendt, Hannah: 1973, The Human Condition, University of Chicago.Google Scholar
  2. Freire, Paulo: 1997, Education for Critical Consciousness(Myrna Bergman Ramos, trans.), Continuum, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Freire, Paulo: 1985, Politics of Education, Bergin and Garvey, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Freire, Paulo: 1994, Pedagogy of the Oppressed(Myra Bergman Ramos, trans.), Continuum, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Gadamer, Hans-Georg: 1990, Truth and Method(Joel Weinsheimer and Donald G. Marshall, trans.), Continuum, New York.Google Scholar
  6. Gadamer, Hans-Georg: 1976, Hegel's Dialectic(P. Christopher Smith, trans.), Yale University Press, New Haven.Google Scholar
  7. Gadotti, Moacir: 1994, Reading Paulo Freire(John Milton, trans.), SUNY, Albany.Google Scholar
  8. Hegel, G.W.F.: 1977, Phenomenology of Spirit(A.V. Miller, trans.), Oxford.Google Scholar
  9. Heidegger, Martin: 1968, What is Called Thinking(J. Glenn Gray and F. Wieck, trans.), Harper & Row, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Heidegger, Martin: 1970, Hegel's Concept of Experience(Kenneth Royce Dove, trans.), New York.Google Scholar
  11. Husserl, Edmund: 1969, Ideas(W.R. Boyce Gibson, trans.), Humanities Press, New York.Google Scholar
  12. Kojève, Alexndre: 1969, Introduction to the Reading of Hegel(James H. Nichols, Jr., trans.), Basic, New York.Google Scholar
  13. Lauer, Quentin: 1976, A Reading of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit, Fordham, New York.Google Scholar
  14. Mashayekh, Farideh: 1974 'Freire-The Man, His Ideas, and Their Implications', Literacy Discussion(Spring), 1-62.Google Scholar
  15. Sartre, Jean-Paul: 1970, Wade Baskin (ed.), Essays in Existentialism, Citadel, New York.Google Scholar
  16. Schooyans, Michel: 1969-1970, 'La Maieutique Nouvelle: la conscientisation de Paulo Freire', Culture et dévelopment, II(3), 435-453.Google Scholar
  17. Schutte, Ofelia M.:1990 'The Master-Slave Dialectic in Latin America: The Social Criticism of Zea, Friere and Roig', The Owl of Minerva, 22(1), 5-18.Google Scholar
  18. Schürmann, Reiner: 1991, 'Ultimate Double Binds', Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal, 14(2)-15(1), 213-236.Google Scholar
  19. Taylor, Charles: 1975, Hegel, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  20. Torres, Carlos Alberto: 1976, 'Servidumbre, Autoconciencia y Liberacion', Franciscanum, 54, 405-478.Google Scholar
  21. Torres, Carlos Alberto: 1994, 'Education and the Archeology of Consciousness: Freire and Hegel', Educational Theory, 44(4), 429-445.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo Manuel Duarte
    • 1
  1. 1.Hofstra UniversityHempsteadU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations