Public Choice

, Volume 105, Issue 1–2, pp 79–101 | Cite as

Is Trade Policy for Sale? Congressional Voting on Recent Trade Bills

  • Robert E. Baldwin
  • Christopher S. Magee


This paper examines voting by U.S. Representatives onthe North American Free Trade Agreement, the UruguayRound Agreement, and most-favored nation status forChina. Using recent political economy models of tradepolicy to formulate an empirical specification ofcongressional voting behavior, we find evidence thatcampaign contributions influenced legislators' voteson the NAFTA and Uruguay Round bills. Labor groupcontributions were associated with votes against freertrade while business contributions were associatedwith votes in favor of freer trade. Economicconditions in each member's district as well as thebroad policy views of the legislators also affectedrepresentatives' voting decisions.


Political Economy Free Trade Trade Policy Trade Agreement Trade Bill 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert E. Baldwin
    • 1
  • Christopher S. Magee
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of WisconsinMadisonU.S.A.
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsBard CollegeAnnandale-On-HudsonU.S.A.

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