On The Stratospheric Measurements of Cosmic Rays

Abstract

The results of measurements of cosmic-ray intensity in the Earth's atmosphere from 1957 up to now are presented. Balloon launchings performed several times a week at northern and southern polar latitudes as well as at midlatitudes yield a homogeneous data series for the study of the spatial distribution and temporal changes in the cosmic-ray intensity. The 11- and 22-year solar modulation, north-south asymmetry, energy hysteresis and a long-term trend in the cosmic-ray intensity are discussed. The fluxes and energy spectra of protons with energy > 100 MeV for about 100 solar energetic particle events in 1958-1992 are given. The role of cosmic rays in terrestrial atmospheric processes is briefly discussed.

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Bazilevskaya, G.A., Svirzhevskaya, A.K. On The Stratospheric Measurements of Cosmic Rays. Space Science Reviews 85, 431–521 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005029832052

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Keywords

  • Spatial Distribution
  • Temporal Change
  • Energy Spectrum
  • Data Series
  • Energetic Particle