Advertisement

Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 102, Issue 3–4, pp 303–312 | Cite as

Lead (Pb) in Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus) from Oligotrophic Alpine Lakes: Gills versus Digestive Tract

  • G. Köck
  • M. Triendl
  • R. Hofer
Article

Abstract

We studied Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) from two oligotropic high mountain lakes in Northern Tyrol, Austria, that differed in pH (5.4 and 7.1) and alkalinity (1.3 and 100.3 µeq L-1). Concentrations of Pb in gills, liver, kidney, gut and contents of stomach and gut were investigated during winter and summer to elucidate pathways for Pb uptake in these fish. Our study illustrates ratios of Pb concentrations of gills to stomach or gills to intestine (G/S and G/l ratios) to be a valuable tool for evaluating the relative contributions of different pathways of metal uptake in fish. In both sampling periods (winter, summer) the gills appear to represent a major route pf Pb uptake in fish from low alkalinity lakes. However, during the ice-covered period the diet becomes an increasingly important additional source of Pb contamination.

alkalinity fish food gills lead metal uptake Pb 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alabaster, J. S. and Lloyd, R.: 1980, Water Quality Criteria for Freshwater Fish, Butterworths, London, UK., 297 p.Google Scholar
  2. Campbell, P. G. C. and Stokes, P. M.: 1985, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42, 2034.Google Scholar
  3. Chakoumakos, C., Russo, R. C. and Thurston, R. V.: 1979, Environ. Sci. Technol. 13, 213.Google Scholar
  4. Czarnezki, J. M.: 1985, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 34, 736.Google Scholar
  5. Dallinger, R., Prosi, F., Segner, H. and Back, H.: 1987, Oecologia 73, 91.Google Scholar
  6. Handy, R. D.: 1992a, Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 22, 74.Google Scholar
  7. Handy, R. D.: 1992b, Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 22, 82.Google Scholar
  8. Harrison, S. E. and Klaverkamp, J. F.: 1989, Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 8, 87.Google Scholar
  9. Hodson, P. V., Blunt, B. R. and Spry, D. J.: 1978, Wat. Res. 12, 869.Google Scholar
  10. Hyslop, E. J.: 1980, J. Fish. Biol. 17, 411.Google Scholar
  11. Köck, G., Hofer, R. and Wögrath, S.: 1995, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 52, 2367.Google Scholar
  12. Köck, G., Triendl, M. and Hofer, R.: 1996, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 53, (in press).Google Scholar
  13. Merlini, M. and Pozzi, G.: 1977, Environ. Pollut. 13, 119.Google Scholar
  14. Mount, D. R., Barth, A. K., Garrison, T. D., Barten, K. A. and Hockett, J. R.: 1994, Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 12, 2031.Google Scholar
  15. Nelson, W. O. and Campbell, P. G. C.: 1991, Environ. Pollut. 71, 91.Google Scholar
  16. Pärt, P., Svanberg, O and Kiessling, A.: 1985, Wat. Res. 19, 427.Google Scholar
  17. Spry, D. J., Hodson, P. V. and Wood, C. M.: 1988, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 45, 32.Google Scholar
  18. Spry, D. J. and Wiener, J. G.: 1991, Environ. Pollut. 71, 243.Google Scholar
  19. Triendl, M.: 994, ‘Metal Uptake in Fish from Acidic High Mountain Lakes', Master thesis, Institute of Zoology and Limnology, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria, 40 p.Google Scholar
  20. Woodward, D. F., Brumbaugh, W. G., Delonay, A. J., Little, E. E. and Smith, C. E.: 1994, Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 123, 51.Google Scholar
  21. Wren, C. D. and Stephenson, G. L.: 1991, Environ. Pollut. 71, 205.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Köck
    • 1
  • M. Triendl
    • 1
  • R. Hofer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Zoology and LimnologyUniversity of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria

Personalised recommendations