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β-SiC production by reacting silica gel with hydrocarbon gas

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A novel synthesis process, developed for producing high purity, submicron, non-agglomerated and low cost β-SiC powders. The process is based on carbothermal reduction reaction of a novel coated precursor. The precursor is derived from a silica gel and a hydrocarbon gas and provides high contact area between reactants. This yields a better distribution of carbon within the silica gel and results in a more complete reaction and a purer product. The powders produced in this process have a low oxygen content (less than 0.8 wt.%), very fine particle size (0.1–0.3 μm), narrow particle size distribution, non-agglomerated and are low cost. The sintering tests demonstrated that these powders can be pressureless-sintered to near theoretical density at about 2100°C in an inert atmosphere. No decarburization and no acid purification process was required before sintering.

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Koc, R., Glatzmaier, G. & Sibold, J. β-SiC production by reacting silica gel with hydrocarbon gas. Journal of Materials Science 36, 995–999 (2001).

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