Journal of Religion and Health

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 57–69 | Cite as

Unconscious Process: Zen and Psychoanalytic Versions

  • Paul C. Cooper


Attention to unconscious processes forms the nexus of the psychoanalytic endeavor and adds dimension to the theoretical and clinical integration of Buddhism and psychoanalysis. The author traces convergences between Freud's, Matte-Blanco's, and D.T. Suzuki's explication of the psychoanalytic and Zen readings of the unconscious. The Buddhist understanding of the unconscious propensity to reify experience can be integrated with psychoanalytic thinking. An alternative understanding and processing of aggression with supporting clinical material provides a case in point. The author concludes that continued Buddhist practice holds the potential to alter radically existing psychoanalytic models without destroying the efficacy of well-established formulations and accompanying techniques.


Clinical Material Unconscious Process Alternative Understanding Clinical Integration Buddhist Practice 
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Copyright information

© Blanton-Peale Institute 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul C. Cooper
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Spirituality and PsychotherapyNPAPUSA

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