Quality and Quantity

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 1–12 | Cite as

Trust and Understanding, Two Psychological Aspects of Randomized Response

  • Johannes A. Landsheer
  • Peter Van Der Heijden
  • Ger Van Gils


This study examines two different Randomized Response methods to see whether they evoke sufficient understanding and trust, and ensure fewer evasive answers to socially sensitive questions. Two Randomized Response methods were employed by trained interviewers to study fraud: the Forced Response method, using dice, and Kuk's method, using playing cards. Respondents were selected from the files of the social security offices of three Dutch cities. A total of 334 respondents participated voluntarily in this study of two Randomized Response methods. Most respondents were known to have committed some form of fraud, and their answer on the Randomized Response question is validated with this information. The results indicate that subjects who have a better understanding of the Forced Response technique give more socially undesirable answers. The interviewer has a most important role establishing trust and understanding. Respondents who are less able to understand the instructions, e.g., have limited language abilities, develop less trust in the method.

measures–instruments social service clients fraud estimates Netherlands 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johannes A. Landsheer
  • Peter Van Der Heijden
  • Ger Van Gils

There are no affiliations available

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