Skip to main content
Log in

Causative microorganisms for musty odor occurrence in the eutrophic Lake Kasumigaura

  • Published:
Hydrobiologia Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The musty odor phenomenon in Lake Kasumigaura, Japan (a eutrophic lake that is used for various purposes, including water supply source) was examined. The causative microorganisms responsible for the production of the odor compounds, geosmin and/or 2-methylisoborneol (MIB), and the odor release mechanism were studied in vitro and in situ. The numbers of the filamentous P. tenue in the lake water column were closely correlated with the concentration of MIB, but not geosmin. The isolated monoxenic P. tenue in culture produced only MIB. Geosmin concentration was well correlated with the number of actinomycetes in the sediment. Forty isolates of actinomycetes from the sediment around the water supply intake tower produced both geosmin and MIB in culture. Furthermore, the average ratio of production of geosmin to MIB was 1.40–1.0. Actinomycetes in the sediment played an important role in geosmin production. We concluded that geosmin and MIB from actinomycetes in the sediment, and MIB from P. tenue in the water column were jointly responsible for the severe musty odor occurrence of the waters supply source at Lake Kasumigaura.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Gerber, N. N., 1968. A volatile metabolite of actinomycetes. 2-Methyliso-borneol. J. Antibiot. 22: 508–509.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gerber, N. N., 1969. Geosmin from microorganisms is trans-1,10-dimethyl-trans-9-decalol. Tetrahedron Lett. 25: 2972–2974.

    Google Scholar 

  • Glaze, W. H., R. Schep, W. Chauncey, E. C. Ruth, J. J. Zarnoch, E. M. Aieta, C. H. Tate & M. J. McGuuire, 1990. Evaluating oxidants for the removal of model taste and odor compounds from a municipal water supply. J. Am. Wat. Works Assoc. 82: 79–86.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hendricks, A. C., & J. K. G. Silvey, 1973. Nutrient ratio variation in reservoir sediments. J. Wat. Pollut. Control Fed. 45: 490–497.

    Google Scholar 

  • Izaguirre, G., C. J. Hwang, S. W. Krasner & M. J. McGuire, 1982. Geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol from cyanobacteria in three water supply systms. Appl. Envir. Microbiol. 43: 708–714.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lalezary, S., M. Pirbazari & M. J. McGuire, 1986. Evaluating activated carbon for removing low concentrations of tastes and odor producing organics. J. am. Wat. Works Assoc. 78: 76–82.

    Google Scholar 

  • Masada, Y., & T. Inoue, 1973. Odorous metabolite of blue green alga Shizothrix muelleri (Nageli) collected in southern basin of Lake Biwa. Identification of geosmin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 21: 2342–2343.

    Google Scholar 

  • Medsker, L. L., D. Jenkins & J. F. Thomas, 1968. An earthysmelling compound associated with blue-green alga and actinomycetes. Envir. Sci. Technol. 2: 462–464.

    Google Scholar 

  • Persson, P. E., 1983. Off-flavours in aquatic ecosystem-an introduction. Water Sci. Technol. 15: 1–11.

    Google Scholar 

  • Safferman, R. S., A. A. Rosen & C. I. Mashini, 1967. Earthy smelling substance from blue-green alga. Envir. Sci. Technol. 1: 429–430.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sugiura, N., O. Yagi & R. Sudo, 1983. Effect of various environmental factors in musty odor production by Streptomyces. Jap. J. Wat. Poll. Res. 6: 77–86.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sugiura, N., O. Yagi & R. Sudo, 1984. Effect of algae on musty odor production by actinomycetes. Jpn. J. Wat. Poll. Res. 7: 1–9.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sugiura, N., O. Yagi & R. Sudo, 1986. Musty odor blue green algae Phormidium tenue in Lake Kasumigaura. Envir. Technol. Lett. 7: 77–86.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sugiura, N., O. Yagi & R. Sudo, 1987. Effect of carbohydrate in the sediment on the musty odor production by actinomycetes. Envir. Technol. Lett. 8: 95–103.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sugiura, N., Y. Inamori, Y. Hosaka & R. Sudo, 1994. Algae enhancing musty odor production by actinomycetes in Lake Kasumigaura. Hydrobiologia 288: 57–64.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sugiura, N., O. Nishimura, Y. Kani, Y. Inamori & R. Sudo, 1997. Evaluation of activated carbons for removal of musty odor compounds in the presence of competitive organics. Envir. Technol. 18: 455–460.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sugiura, N., N. Iwami, Y. Inamori, O. Nishimura & R. Sudo, 1998. Significance of attached cyanobacteria relevant to the occurrence of musty odor in Lake Kasumigaura. Wat. Res. 32: 3549–3554.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tabachek, J. L. & M. J. Yurkowski, 1976. Isolation and identi-fication of blue green algae producing musty odor metabolites, geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol in saline lake in Manitoba. J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 33: 25–35.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vallentyne, J. R. & R. G. S. Bidwell, 1956. The relation between sedimentary chlorophyl and free sugars in lake muds. Ecology. 37: 495–500.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vallentyne, J. R., 1957. The molecular nature of organic matter in lakes and oceans with lesser reference to sewage and terrestrial soils. J. Fish Res. Bd Can. 14: 33–82.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wood, S., S. T. William & W. R. White, 1983. Microbes as a source of earthy flavours in potable water. A review. Int. Biodeterior. Bull. 19: 83–97.

    Google Scholar 

  • Yagi, O., M. Kajino, U. Matsuo, K. Ashitani, T. Kita & T. Nakamura, 1983. Odor problem in Lake Biwa. Wat. Sci. Technol. 15: 311–321.

    Google Scholar 

  • Yagi, M., N. Sugiura & R. Sudo, 1985. Chemical and biological factors on the musty odor occurrence in Lake Kasumigaura. J. Jpn Limnol. 46: 32–40.

    Google Scholar 

  • Yagi, O., N. Sugiura & R. Sudo, 1987. Chemical and physical factors in the production of musty odor by Streptomyces spp. isolated from Lake Kasumigaura. Agric. Biol. Chem. 51: 2081–2088.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Sugiura, N., Nakano, K. Causative microorganisms for musty odor occurrence in the eutrophic Lake Kasumigaura. Hydrobiologia 434, 145–150 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1004000511610

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1004000511610

Navigation