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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 420, Issue 1, pp 99–102 | Cite as

The karyotype of Nodipecten nodosus (Bivalvia: Pectinidae)

  • E. Pauls
  • P. R. A. M. Affonso
Article

Abstract

Earlier karyotypical work on Nodipecten nodosus embryos indicated that this species has a diploid number of 38, with six pairs respectively of metacentric and submetacentric chromosomes and seven pairs of subtelocentric chromosomes, although there were some difficulties in obtaining complete metaphases. The present work provides additional results on specific regions of the chromosomes in N. nodosus and, by meiotic studies, confirms the chromosome number with more reliability. Active nucleolar organizer regions (NOR), detected in mitotic metaphases from embryos, can be characterized in N. nodosus by a high level of heteromorphism of NOR-sites, indicating that these regions are not appropriate as chromosomal markers in this species. The procedure for detecting constitutive heterochromatin of chromosomes allowed us to observe most of the heterochromatic blocks at a pericentromeric position and some at telomeric and interstitial positions. The analysis of meiotic chromosomes from gonad tissue revealed the presence of 19 bivalents during metaphase I, all homomorphic and isopicnotic, confirming the previously described diploid chromosomal number of 38 for N. nodosus. From these results, some evolutionary aspects of the Pectinidae are briefly discussed.

Bivalvia Nodipecten nodosus chromosomes NOR C-banding meiosis 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Pauls
    • 1
  • P. R. A. M. Affonso
    • 1
  1. 1.Lab. de Genética em Organismos Aquáticos, Departamento de ZootecniaUniversidade Federal FluminenseNiterói, RJBrazil

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