Evaluation of genotype, environment, and genotype-by-environment interaction for capsaicinoids in Capsicum annuum L.
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The response, in terms of capsaicinoid content, of chile (Capsicum annuum L.) genotypes to different environments was studied. Double haploidlines, an F1 hybrid, and an open-pollinated cultivar estimated the genotype, environment, and genotype-by-environment interaction effect on the total capsaicinoids and on individual capsaicinoids. Significant differences were observed among the genotypes and among genotype-by-environment interactions over the environments. Among the genotypes in an environment, the within-genotype variances were also significantly different. The double haploid line, HDA 207, had low within-genotype variance for individual and total capsaicinoids, with the exception of the isomer of dihydrocapsaicin. Also for HDA 270, the genotype-by-environment interaction was negligible for individual and total capsaicinoids, Indicating stability across environments.
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