Hydrobiologia

, Volume 389, Issue 1–3, pp 73–88 | Cite as

Stream community structure in relation to spatial variation: the influence of mesohabitat characteristics

  • Jean-Nicolas Beisel
  • Philippe Usseglio-Polatera
  • Sandra Thomas
  • Jean-Claude Moreteau
Article

Abstract

Community structure of benthic macroinvertebrates was studied in six first- through fourth-order streams in northeast France, to elucidate changes in richness, abundance, diversity and evenness of mesohabitat assemblages as a function of environmental conditions. Patch samples were subjected to multivariate analyses to determine: (i) relationships among seven indices describing community structure (structure parameters); (ii) relationships among seven environmental variables; (iii) the relationship between community structure and environmental characteristics of patches. Faunal data showed that indices measuring the distribution of individuals among taxa (evenness, dominance) and richness are prominent in describing the structure of macroinvertebrate communities of mesohabitats. The analysis of environmental data demonstrated a major differentiating ability of current velocity and strong inter-relations among in-stream hydraulic-dependent parameters in structuring the mesohabitat environment. The co-structure (= relationship) between community organization and environmental variables indicated that substrate may be a primary determinant of community structure. Current velocity and water depth emerged as secondary factors. Trends in community structure were closely related to the spatial variability of mesohabitats. Species richness increased with habitat heterogeneity. Total abundance increased with trophic potentialities of patches. Equitability and diversity seemed to increase with patch stability.

macroinvertebrates mesohabitat scale community structure habitat characteristics multivariate analysis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barton, B. A., 1977. Short-term effects of highway construction on the limnology of a small stream in southern Ontario. Freshwat. Biol. 7: 99–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bornette, G., C. Amoros & D. Chessel, 1994. Rejuvenation in former braided channels of the Rhône River: successional patterns and allogenic processes. J. Veg. Sci. 5: 237–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bournaud, M. & L. Cogérino, 1986. Les microhabitats aquatiques des rives d'un grand cours d'eau: approche faunistique. Ann. Limnol. 22: 285–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bournaud, M., B. Cellot, P. Richoux & A. Berrahou, 1996. Macroinvertebrate community structure and environmental characteristics along a large river: congruity of patterns for identification to species or family. J. North Am. Benthol. Soc. 15: 232–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brussock, P. P. & A. V. Brown, 1991. Riffle-pool geomorphology disrupts longitudinal patterns of stream benthos. Hydrobiol. 220: 109–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brusven, M. A., 1984. The distribution and abundance of benthic insects subjected to reservoir release flows in the Clearwater River, Idaho, USA. In A. Lillehammer & S. Saltveit (eds), Regulated Rivers. Universitetsforlaget AS, Oslo: 167–180.Google Scholar
  7. Chessel, D. & S. Dolédec, 1994. ADE Software. Multivariate Analyses and Graphical Display for Environmental Data (version 3.7) Vol. 1 User's Manual, Vol. 2 Examples, Vol. 3 Graphics Documentation. Université Lyon 1, France, 523 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Chevenet, F., S. Dolédec & D. Chessel, 1994. A fuzzy coding approach for the analysis of long-term ecological data. Freshwat. Biol. 31: 295–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chutter, F. M., 1969a. The distribution of some stream invertebrates in relation to current speed. Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. 54: 413– 422.Google Scholar
  10. Chutter, F. M., 1969b. The effects of silt and sand on the invertebrate fauna of streams and rivers. Hydrobiol. 34: 57–76.Google Scholar
  11. Cobb, D. G. & J. F. Flannagan, 1990. Trichoptera and substrate stability in the Ochre River, Manitoba. Hydrobiol. 206: 29–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cowie, A., 1985. An analysis of changes in the invertebrate community along a southern New Zealand montane stream. Hydrobiol. 120: 35–46.Google Scholar
  13. Crowder, L. B. & W. E. Cooper, 1982. Habitat structural complexity between bluegills and their prey. Ecology 63: 1802–1813.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cummins, K. W. & G. H. Lauff, 1969. The influence of substrate particle size on the microdistribution of stream macrobenthos. Hydrobiol. 34: 145–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cummins, K. W., G. W. Minshall, J. R. Sedell, C. E. Cushing & R. C. Petersen, 1984. Stream ecology theory. Verh. int. Ver. Limnol. 20: 1818–1827.Google Scholar
  16. Degani, G., G. N. Herbst, R. Ortal, H. J. Bromley, D. Levanon, Y. Netzer, N. Harari & H. Glazman, 1993. Relationship between current velocity, depth and the invertebrate community in a stable river system. Hydrobiol. 263: 163–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Diehl, S., 1993. Relative consumer sizes and the strengths of direct and indirect interactions in omnivorous feeding relationships. Oikos 68: 151–157.Google Scholar
  18. Dobson, M., 1994. Microhabitat as a determinant of diversity: stream invertebrates colonizing leaf packs. Freshwat. Biol. 32: 565–572.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Dobson, M. & A. G. Hildrew, 1992. A test of resource limitation among shredding detritivores in low order streams in southern England. J. anim. Ecol. 61: 69–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Doeg T. J., P. S. Lake & R. Marchant, 1989. Colonization of experimentally disturbed patches by stream macroinvertebrates in the Acheron River, Victoria. Austral. J. Ecol. 14: 207–220.Google Scholar
  21. Doeg T. J., R. Marchant, M. Douglas & P. S. Lake, 1989b. Experimental colonization of sand, gravel and stones by macroinvertebrates in the Acheron River, southeastern Austral. Freshwat. Biol. 22: 57–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Dolédec, S. & D. Chessel, 1994. Co-inertia analysis: an alternative method for studying species-environment relationships. Freshwat. Biol. 31: 277–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Dolédec, S. & B. Statzner, 1994. Theoretical habitat templets, species traits, and species richness: 548 plant and animal species in the Upper Rhône River and its floodplain. Freshwat. Biol. 31: 523–538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Drake, J. A., 1984. Species aggregation: the influence of detritus in a benthic invertebrate community. Hydrobiologia 112: 109–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Dudgeon, D., 1988. The influence of riparian vegetation on macroinvertebrate community structure in four Hong Kong streams. J. Zool. 216: 609–627.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Edington, J. M., 1968. Habitat preferences in net-spinning caddis larvae with special reference to the influence of water velocity. J. anim. Ecol. 37: 675–692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Egglishaw, H. J., 1964. The distributional relationship between the bottom fauna and plant detritus in streams. J. anim. Ecol. 33: 463–476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Egglishaw, H. J., 1969. The distribution of benthic invertebrates on substrata in fast-flowing streams. J. anim. Ecol. 38: 19–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Erman, D. C. & N. A. Erman, 1984. The response of stream invertebrates to substrate size and heterogeneity. Hydrobiol. 108: 75–82.Google Scholar
  30. Fleeger, J.W. & A.W. Decho, 1987. Spatial variability of interstitial meiofauna: A review. Stygologia 3: 35–54.Google Scholar
  31. Frontier, S. & D. Pichod-Viale, 1993. Ecosystèmes: Structure, Fonctionnement, Évolution. Masson, Paris, 447 pp.Google Scholar
  32. Furse, M. T., D. Moss, J. F. Wright & P. D. Armitage, 1984. The influence of seasonal and taxonomic factors on the ordination and classification of running-water sites in Great Britain and on the prediction of their macro-invertebrate communities. Freshwat. Biol. 14: 257–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Gilinsky, E., 1984. The role of fish predation and spatial heterogeneity in determining benthic community structure. Ecology 65: 455–468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Gore, J. A. & R. D. Judy Jr., 1981. Predictive models of benthic macroinvertebrate density for use in instream flow studies and regulated flow management. Can. J. Fish. aquat Sci. 38: 1363– 1370.Google Scholar
  35. Gregg, W. W. & F. L. Rose, 1985. Influences of aquatic macrophytes on invertebrate community structure, guild structure, and microdistribution in streams. Hydrobiol. 128: 45–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Hamilton, J. D., 1961. The effect of sand-pit washings on a stream fauna. Verh. int. Ver. Limnol. 14: 435–439.Google Scholar
  37. Hawkins, C. P., M. L. Murphy & N. H. Anderson, 1982. Effects of canopy, substrate composition, and gradients on the structure of macroinvertebrate communities in Cascade Range streams of Oregon. Ecology 62: 387–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Hildrew, A. G. & C. R. Townsend, 1987. 16. Organization in freshwater benthic communities. In J. H. R. Gee & P. S. Giller (eds), The 27th Symposium of the British Ecological Society. Blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford: 347–371.Google Scholar
  39. Hugues, D. A., 1966a. On the dorsal light response in a mayfly nymph. Anim. Behav. 14: 13–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Hugues, D. A., 1966b. Mountain stream of the Barberton Area, Eastern Transvaal. Part II, the effect of vegetational shading and direct illumination on the distribution of stream fauna. Hydrobiologia 20: 439–459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Hurlbert, S. H., 1971. The nonconcept of species diversity: a critique and alternative parameters. Ecology 52: 577–586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Hynes, H. B. N., 1970. The Ecology of Running Waters. Liverpool University Press, Liverpool: 555 pp.Google Scholar
  43. Illies, J. & L. Botosaneanu, 1963. Problèmes et méthodes de la classification et de la zonation écologique des eaux courantes considérées surtout du point de vue faunistique. Verh. int. Ver. Limnol. 12: 1–57.Google Scholar
  44. Jenkins, R. A., K. R. Wade & E. Pugh, 1984. Macroinvertebratehabitat relationships in the River Teifi catchment and the signifi cance to conservation. Freshwat. Biol. 14: 23–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Jowett, I. & J. Richardson, 1990. Microhabitat preferences of benthic invertebrates in a New Zealand river and the development of in-stream models for Deleatidium spp. New Zeal. J. Mar. Freshwat. 24: 19–30.Google Scholar
  46. Kohler, S. L., 1985. Identification of stream drift mechanisms: an experimental and observational approach. Ecology 66: 1749– 1761.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Kvalseth, T. O., 1991. Note on biological diversity, evenness, and homogeneity measures. Oikos 62: 123–127.Google Scholar
  48. Lamberti, G. A. & V. H. Resh, 1979. Substrate relationships, spatial distribution patterns, and sampling variability in a stream caddisfly population. Envir. Ent. 8: 561–567.Google Scholar
  49. Lenat, D. R., D. L. Penrose & K.W. Eagleson, 1981. Variable effects of sediment addition on stream benthos. Hydrobiol. 79: 187–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Magurran, A. E., 1988. Ecological diversity and its measurement. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 179 pp.Google Scholar
  51. Margalef, R., 1958. Information theory in ecology. Gen. Syst. 3: 36–71.Google Scholar
  52. Margalef, R., 1963. On certain unifying principles in ecology. Am. Nat. 97: 357–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. McAuliffe, J. R., 1984. Competition for space, disturbance, and the structure of a benthic stream community. Ecology 65: 894–908.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Menhinick, E. F., 1964. A comparison of some species-individuals diversity indices applied to samples of field insects. Ecology 45: 859–861.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Mercier, P., 1991. Etude des relations espèces-environnement et analyse de la co-structure d'un couple de tableaux. Thesis, Université Lyon I, 178 pp.Google Scholar
  56. Minshall, G. W., 1984. Aquatic insect substratum relationships In V.H. Resh & D.M. Rosenberg (eds), The Ecology of Aquatic Insects. Praeger, N.Y.: 358–400.Google Scholar
  57. Minshall, G. W., 1988. Stream ecosystem theory: a global perspective. J. n. am. benthol. Soc. 7: 263–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Minshall, G. W. & J. N. Minshall, 1977. Microdistribution of benthic invertebrates in a rocky mountain (U.S.A.) stream. Hydrobiol. 55: 231–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Nutall, P. M. & G. H. Bielby, 1973. The effects of china-clay wastes on stream invertebrates. Envir. Pollut. 5: 77–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Ormerod, S. J. & R. W. Edwards, 1987. The ordination and classifi cation of macroinvertebrate assemblages in the catchment of the River Wye in relation to environmental factors.Freshwat. Biol. 17: 533–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Orth, D. J. & O. E. Maughan, 1983. Microhabitat preferences of benthic fauna in a woodland stream. Hydrobiol. 106: 157–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Peckarsky, B. L., 1979. Biological interactions as determinants of distributions of benthic invertebrates within the substrate of stony streams. Limnol. Oceanogr. 24: 59–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Peckarsky, B. L. & M. A. Penton, 1990. Effects of enclosure on stream microhabitat and invertebrate community structure. J. n. am. benthol. Soc. 9: 249–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Peet, R. K., 1974. The measurement of species diversity. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 5: 285–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Pringle, C. M., R. J. Naiman, G. Bretschko, J. R. Karr, M. W. Oswood, J. R. Webster, R. L. Welcomme & M. J. Winterbourn, 1988. Patch dynamics in lotic systems: the stream as a mosaic. J. n. am. benthol. Soc. 7: 503–524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Prodon, R. & J. D. Lebreton, 1994. Analyses multivariées des relations espéces-milieu: structure et interprétations écologiques. Vie et Milieu 44: 69–91.Google Scholar
  67. Quinn, J. M. & C. W. Hickey, 1990. Magnitude of effects of substrate particle size, recent flooding and catchment development on benthic invertebrates in 88 New Zealand rivers. New Zeal. J. Mar. Freshwat. 24: 411–427.Google Scholar
  68. Quinn, J. M. & C. W. Hickey, 1994. Hydraulic parameters and benthic invertebrate distributions in two gravel-bed New Zealand rivers. Freshwat. Biol. 32: 489–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Rabeni, C. F. & G. W. Minshall, 1977. Factors affecting microdistribution of stream benthic insects. Oikos 29: 33–43.Google Scholar
  70. Reice, S. R., 1980. The role of substratum in benthic macroinvertebrate microdistribution and litter decomposition in a woodland stream. Ecology 61: 580–590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Reice, S. R., 1981. Interspecific associations in a woodland stream. Can. J. Fish. aquat Sci. 38: 1271–1280.Google Scholar
  72. Resh, V. H., A. V. Brown, A. P. Covich, M. E. Gurtz, H. W. Li, G. W. Minshall, S. R. Reice, A. L. Sheldon, J. B. Wallace & R. C. Wissmar, 1988. The role of disturbance in stream ecology. J. n. am. benthol. Soc. 7: 433–455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Resh, V. H. & E. P. McElravy, 1993. 5. Contemporary quantitative approaches to biomonitoring using benthic macroinvertebrates. In D. M. Rosenberg & V. H. Resh (eds), Freshwater Biomonitoring and Benthic Macroinvertebrates. Chapman & Hall, N.Y.: 159–194.Google Scholar
  74. Richards, C. & G. W. Minshall, 1988. The influence of periphyton abundance on Baetis bicaudatus distribution and colonization in a small stream. J. North Am. Benthol. Soc. 7: 77–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Richardson, J. S., 1991. Seasonal food limitation of detritivorous insects in a montane stream: an experimental test. Ecology 72: 873–887.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Robinson, C. T., G. W. Minshall & S. R. Rushforth, 1990. Seasonal colonization dynamics of macroinvertebrates in an Idaho stream. J. n. am. benthol. Soc. 9: 240–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Rutherfold, J. E. & R.J. Mackay, 1986. Patterns of pupal mortality in field populations of Hydropsyche and Cheumatopsyche (Trichoptera: Hydropsychidae). Freshwat. Biol. 16: 337–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Sagova, M & M. S. Adams, 1993. Aggregation of numbers, size and taxa of benthic animals at four levels of spatial scale. Arch. Hydrobiol. 128: 329–352.Google Scholar
  79. Shannon, C. E. & W. Weaver, 1949. The Mathematical Theory of Communication. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, 117 pp.Google Scholar
  80. Simpson, E. H., 1949. Measurement of diversity. Nature 163: 688.Google Scholar
  81. Southwood, T. R. E., 1977. Habitat, the templet for ecological strategies. J. anim. Ecol. 46: 337–365.Google Scholar
  82. Southwood, T. R. E., 1988. Tactics, strategies and templets. Oikos 52: 3–18.Google Scholar
  83. Statzner, B., 1981. The relation between ‘hydraulic stress’ and microdistribution of benthic macroinvertebrates in a lowland running water system, the Schierenseebrooks (North Germany). Arch. Hydrobiol. 91: 192–218.Google Scholar
  84. Statzner, B., 1987. Characteristics of lotic ecosystems and consequences for future research directions. In E.-D. Schulze & H. Zwölfer (eds), Potentials and Limitations of Ecosystem Analysis, Ecological Studies 61. Springer-Verlag, N.Y.: 365–390.Google Scholar
  85. Statzner, B., J. A. Gore & V. H. Resh, 1988. Hydraulic stream ecology: observed patterns and potential applications. J. n. am. benthol. Soc. 7: 307–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Suren, A. M., 1991. Bryophytes as invertebrate habitat in two New Zealand alpine streams. Freshwat. Biol. 26: 399–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Suren, A. M., 1993. Bryophytes and associated invertebrates in firstorder alpine streams of Arthur's Pass, New Zealand. New Zeal. J. Mar. Freshwat. 27: 479–494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Sweeney, B.W., 1993. Effects of streamside vegetation on macroinvertebrate communities of White Clay Creek in Eastern North America. Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 144: 291–340.Google Scholar
  89. Thioulouse, J., S. Dolédec, D. Chessel & J. M. Olivier, 1995. ADE software: multivariate analysis and graphical display of environmental data. In G. Guariso & A. Rizzoli (eds), Software per l'ambiante. Pàtron Editore, Bologna: 57–62.Google Scholar
  90. Townsend, C. R., 1989. The patch dynamics concept of stream community ecology. J. n. am. benthol. Soc. 8: 36–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Townsend, C. R. & A. G. Hildrew, 1994. Species traits in relation to a habitat templet for river systems. Freshwat. Biol. 31: 265–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Usseglio-Polatera, P., 1994. Theoretical habitat templets, species traits, and species richness: aquatic insects in the Upper Rhône River and its floodplain. Freshwat. Biol. 31: 417–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Usseglio-Polatera, P., 1996. Stratégies biologiques et évolution environnementale d'un hydrosystème: l'exemple des Trichoptères (Insecta) du Rhône à Lyon. Geobios (in press).Google Scholar
  94. Van Rijckevorsel, J., 1987. The Application of Fuzzy Coding and Horseshoes in Multiple Correspondence Analysis. DSWO Press, Leiden, 272 pp.Google Scholar
  95. Ward, J. A., 1975. Bottom fauna-substrate relationships in a northern Colorado trout stream: 1945 and 1974. Ecology 56: 1429–1434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Ward, J. V. & M. A. Palmer, 1994. Distribution patterns of interstitial freshwater meiofauna over a range of spatial scales, with emphasis on alluvial river-aquifer systems. Hydrobiologia 287: 147–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Wasson, J. G., B. Dumont & F. Trocherie, 1981. Protocole de description des habitats aquatiques et de prélèvements des invertébrés benthiques dans les cours d'eau. CEMAGREF de Lyon, Division Qualité des Eaux, Pêche et Pisciculture, 18 pp.Google Scholar
  98. Winterbourn, M. J., 1982. Food utilization by a stream detritivore Zelandopsyche ingens (Trichoptera: Oeconesidae). Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. 67: 209–222.Google Scholar
  99. Winterbourn, M. J., 1990. Interactions among nutrients, algae and invertebrates in a New Zealand mountain stream. Freshwat. Biol. 23: 463–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Wu, J. & S. A. Levin, 1994. A spatial patch dynamic modeling approach to pattern and process in an annual grassland. Ecol. Monogr. 64: 447–464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Nicolas Beisel
    • 1
  • Philippe Usseglio-Polatera
    • 1
  • Sandra Thomas
    • 1
  • Jean-Claude Moreteau
    • 1
  1. 1.1UPRES E.B.S.E., Université de Metz, UFR Sciences, Ile du SaulcyMetz Cedex 01France

Personalised recommendations