, Volume 357, Issue 1–3, pp 185–202 | Cite as

Marine nematodes of the family Draconematidae (Nemata): a synthesis with phylogenetic relationships

  • Wilfrida Decraemer
  • Nicole Gourbault
  • Thierry Backeljau


The family Draconematidae is reviewed. Diagnoses of all taxa are updated or emended, basedupon an evaluation of diagnostic features. Aphylogenetic analysis at the genus level based onparsimony suggested that Tenuidraconema belongsto the Draconematinae. A new genus Bathychaetosoma is erected to accomodate B.uchidai (Kito, 1983). It is characterized by acephalic region with a smooth, non-thickened cuticleand numerous cephalic adhesion tubes located posteriorto the head region and extending over more than twohead diameters along the cervical region.

marine nematodes Draconematidae Bathychaetosoma taxonomy revision phylogeny 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. (For references prior to 1973 see: Gerlach, S. & Riemann, F. (1973-1974). The Bremerhaven checklist of Aquatic nematodes. Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Meeresforschung in Bremerhaven 4(1,2), 734 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, M. W. & E. M. Noffsinger, 1978. A revision of the marine nematodes of the superfamily Draconematoidea Filipjev, 1918 (Nematoda: Draconematina). Univ. Calif. Publs Zool. 109, 133 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Bussau, C., 1993. Taxonomische undökologische Untersuchungen an Nematoden des Peru-Beckens.Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, 621 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Clasing, E., 1980. Post-embryonic development in species of Desmodoridae, Epsilonematidae and Draconematidae. Zool. Anz. 204: 337-344.Google Scholar
  5. Decraemer, W., 1982. Draconematidae and Epsilonematidae (Nematoda) from Laing Island Papua New Guinea, with one new genus and three new species. Bull. Inst. r. Sci. nat. Belg. (Biologie) 54: 1-22.Google Scholar
  6. Decraemer, W., 1988. Dracograllus(Nematoda: Draconematidae) from Papua New Guinea, with descriptions of new species. Leopold III Biological Station, Laing Island - Contribution no. 158. Bull. Inst. r. Sci. nat. Belg. (Biologie) 58: 5-27.Google Scholar
  7. Decraemer, W., 1989. Three new draconematid species from Papua New Guinea. Bull. Inst. r. Sci. nat. Belg. (Biologie) 59: 5-24.Google Scholar
  8. Decraemer, W. & N. Gourbault, 1986. Marine nematodes from Guadeloupe and other Caribbean Islands. II. Draconematidae. Zool. Scr. 15: 107-18.Google Scholar
  9. Decraemer, W. & N. Gourbault, 1997. Deep-seanematodes (Nemata, Prochaetosomatinae): new taxa from hydrothermal vents and a polymetallic nodule formation of the Pacific (East Rise: North Fiji and Lau Bassins; Clarion-Clipperton fracture zone). Zool. Scr.Google Scholar
  10. Farris, J. S., 1989. Hennig 86: a PC-DOS program for phylogenetic analysis. Cladistics 5: 163.Google Scholar
  11. Gourbault, N. & W. Decraemer, 1992. Marine Nematodes from Polynesia. Epsilonematidae and Draconematidae. Aust. J. mar. freshwat. Res. 43: 663-681.Google Scholar
  12. Gourbault, N. & W. Decraemer, 1996. Marine nematodes of the family Epsilonematidae (Nemata): a synthesis with phylogenetic relationships. Nematologica 42: 133-158.Google Scholar
  13. Jensen, P., 1981. Description of the freeliving marine nematode Dracognomus tinaen. sp. (Draconematoidea: Prochaetosomatidae). Cah. Biol. Mar. 22: 285-289.Google Scholar
  14. Jensen, P., 1986. The nematode fauna in the sulphine-rich seep and adjacent bottoms of the East Flower Garden, NWGulf of Mexico. I. Chromadorida. Zoologica Scripta 14(1985): 247-263.Google Scholar
  15. Kito, K., 1976. Studies on the free-living marine nematodes from Hokkaido. I. J. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido Univ., (serie VI, Zoology) 20: 568-578.Google Scholar
  16. Kito, K., 1979. Notes on the Postembryonic development of Draconema japonicumKito, 1976 (Nematoda; Draconematidae). J. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido Univ., (Serie VI, Zoology) 22: 88-98.Google Scholar
  17. Kito, K., 1983. Deep-sea nematodes off Mindanao Island, the Phillippines. 1 Draconematidae.-Anno t. zool. jap. 56: 27-41.Google Scholar
  18. Lorenzen, S., 1974. Glochinemanov. gen. (Nematodes, Epsilonematidae) aus Süd-chile. Mikrof. Meeresb. 47: 1-22.Google Scholar
  19. Lorenzen, S., 1981. Entwurf eines phylogenitischen Systems der freilebenden Nematoden.-Veroff. Inst. Meeresforsch. Bremerh. (Suppl. 7), 472 pp.Google Scholar
  20. Lorenzen, S., 1994. The phylogenetic systematics of freeliving nematodes. - The Ray Society (translation) no 162: 383 pp.Google Scholar
  21. Masalles, D., 1985. Dos nuevos Draconematidae (Nematoda) para el Mediterraneo espanol: Draconema claparedii(Metschnikoff, 1867), Filipjevv, 1918, y Prochaetosoma vitielloiAllen & Noffsinger, 1978. Invest. pesq. 49: 155-164.Google Scholar
  22. Pastor de Ward, C. T., 1988. Nematodes marinos de la Ria Deseado (Desmodoroidea: Desmodoridae, Draconematidae), Santa Cruz, Argentina. VII. Physis, (Secc. A) 46: 61-72.Google Scholar
  23. Verschelde, D. & M. Vincx, 1993. Draconematidae (Nematoda, Desmodoroidea) from the Coast of Kenya, East Africa.-Bull. Inst. r. Sci. nat. Belg. (Biologie) 63: 35-53.Google Scholar
  24. Vincx, M., 1986. Free-living marine nematodes from the Southern Bight of the North Sea. Ph.D. Dissertation, Ghent University.Google Scholar
  25. Warwick, R. M., 1977. Some free-living marine nematodes from the Isles of Scilly. J. nat. Hist. 11: 381-392.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wilfrida Decraemer
    • 1
  • Nicole Gourbault
    • 2
  • Thierry Backeljau
    • 1
  1. 1.Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor NatuurwetenschappenBrusselBelgium
  2. 2.Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, D.0699 CNRS, Biologie des Invertébrés marinsParis Cedex 05France

Personalised recommendations