Promoting general metacognitive awareness


I describe two aspects of metacognition, knowledge of cognition and regulation of cognition, and how they are related to domain-specific knowledge and cognitive abilities. I argue that metacognitive knowledge is multidimensional, domain-general in nature, and teachable. Four instructional strategies are described for promoting the construction and acquisition of metacognitive awareness. These include promoting general awareness, improving self-knowledge and regulatory skills, and promoting learning environments that are conducive to the construction and use of metacognition.

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Schraw, G. Promoting general metacognitive awareness. Instructional Science 26, 113–125 (1998).

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  • Learning Environment
  • Cognitive Ability
  • Instructional Strategy
  • Metacognitive Knowledge
  • Regulatory Skill