The study compares the emotional impact of maltreatment on the attachment styles in three groups of children aged 6–12 years: children of drug-user fathers (n = 76), physically abused children (n = 41), neglected children (n = 38); non-abused/non-neglected children (n = 35)—control group. The secure style characterized 52% of the children of drug-user fathers and the insecure style characterized the other 48% (anxious/ambivalent or avoidant); physically abused children were characterized mainly by the avoidant attachment style, and neglected children by the anxious/ambivalent style. The conclusion is that physically abused children are at risk of antisocial behavior and sustained suspicion towards others; neglected children are at risk of social withdrawal, social rejection and feelings of incompetence, and children of drug-user fathers may be at risk of behavioral problems and drug use in adolescence.
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Finzi, R., Cohen, O., Sapir, Y. et al. Attachment Styles in Maltreated Children: A Comparative Study. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 31, 113–128 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1001944509409
- Attachment Styles
- Physically Abused Children
- Neglected Children
- Children of Drug User Father