Topics in Catalysis

, Volume 11, Issue 1–4, pp 131–138 | Cite as

Evolution of Ti–Sn-rutile-supported V2O5–WO3 catalyst during its use in nitric oxide reduction by ammonia

  • M. Najbar
  • F. Mizukami
  • A. Białas
  • J. Camra
  • A. Wesełucha-Birczyńska
  • H. Izutsu
  • A. Góra
Article

Abstract

This paper concerns the relation between surface structure of crystalline vanadia-like active species on vanadia–tungsta catalyst and their activity in the selective reduction of NO by ammonia to nitrogen. The investigations were performed for Ti–Sn-rutile-supported isopropoxy-derived catalyst. The SCR activity and surface species structure were determined for the freshly prepared catalyst, for the catalyst previously used in NO reduction by ammonia (320 ppm NO, 335 ppm NH3 and 2.35 vol% O2) at 573 K as well as for the catalyst previously annealed at 573 K in helium stream containing 2.35 vol% O2. The crystalline islands, exposing main V2O5 surface, with some tungsten atoms substituted for V-ones, were found, with XPS and FT Raman spectroscopy, to be present at the surface of the freshly prepared catalyst. A profound evolution of the active species during the catalyst use at 573 K was observed. Dissociative water adsorption on V5+OW6+ sites is discussed as mainly responsible for the catalyst activity at 473 K and that on both V5+OW6+ and V4+OW6+ sites as determining the activity at 523 K.

rutile supported V2O5–WO3 catalyst evolution NO reduction 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Najbar
    • 1
  • F. Mizukami
    • 2
  • A. Białas
    • 1
  • J. Camra
    • 3
  • A. Wesełucha-Birczyńska
    • 3
  • H. Izutsu
    • 4
  • A. Góra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryJagiellonian UniversityKrakówPoland
  2. 2.National Institute of Materials and Chemical ResearchTsukubaJapan
  3. 3.Regional Laboratory of Physicochemical Analyses and Structural ResearchJagiellonian UniversityKrakówPoland
  4. 4.TakiChemical Co., Ltd.HyogoJapan

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