Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 29, Issue 6, pp 647–659 | Cite as

Relationship of Daily Hassles and Social Support to Depression and Antisocial Behavior Among Early Adolescents

  • Hee-og Sim
Article

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to fill up a research gap by examining the relationship of particular daily hassles and specific social support with regard to parent, peer, and teacher relationship to depression and antisocial behavior among early adolescents. Three-hundred and thirty-eight 5th and 6th graders were examined for depression and 360 for antisocial behavior through self-report questionnaires. Findings showed that except for parental support, hassles alone affected the level of maladjustment. Social support had no main effects except for parental support. Early adolescents who perceived high parental support reported less maladjustment. Social support did not moderate daily hassles in emotional and behavioral adjustment. Additionally, hassles with friends and parents were the best predictors of depression whereas hassles with parents were the best predictor of antisocial behavior. These findings suggest that Korean early adolescents were having more daily hassles that contributed to maladjustment than they had social support from significant others.

REFERENCES

  1. Benson, L. T., and Deeter, T. E. (1992). Moderator of the relation between stress and depression in adolescents. Sch. Counsel. 39: 189–194.Google Scholar
  2. Cohen, S., and Wills, T. A. (1985). Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis. Psychol. Bull. 98(2): 310–357.Google Scholar
  3. Compas, B. E., Davis, G. E., and Forsythe, C. J. (1985). Characteristics of life events during adolescence. Am. J. Community Psychol. 13(6): 677–691.Google Scholar
  4. Compas, B. E., Howell, D. C., Phares, V., Williams, R. A., and Giunta, C. T. (1989). Risk factors for emotional/behavioral problems in young adolescents: Prospective analysis of adolescent and parental stress and symptoms. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 57(6): 732–740.Google Scholar
  5. Compas, B. E., Slavin, L. S., Wagner, B. M., and Vannatta, K. (1986). Relationship of life events and social support with psychological dysfunction among adolescents. J. Youth Adolesc. 15: 205–221.Google Scholar
  6. DeLongis, A., Coyne, J. C., Dakof, G., Folkman, S., and Lazarus, R. S. (1982). Relationship of daily hassles, uplifts, and major life events to health status. Health Psychol. 1(2): 119–136.Google Scholar
  7. DuBois, D. L., Felner, R. D., Brand, S., Adan, A. M., and Evans, E. G. (1992). A prospective study of life stress, social support, and adaptation in early adolescence. Child Dev. 63(3): 542–557.Google Scholar
  8. Eccles, J. S., Midgley, C., Wigfield, A., Buchanan, C. M., Reuman, D., Flanagan, C., and Iver, D. M. (1993). Development during adolescence: The impact of stage-environment fit on young adolescents' experiences in schools and in families. Am. Psychol. 48(2): 90–101.Google Scholar
  9. Furman, W., and Buhmester, D. (1992). Age and sex differences in perceptions of networks of personal relationships. Child Dev. 63(1): 103–115.Google Scholar
  10. Gad, M. T., and Johnson, J. H. (1980). Correlates of adolescent life stress as related to race, sex, and levels of perceived social support. J. Clin. Child Psychol. 9: 13–16.Google Scholar
  11. Greene, A. L. (1988). Early adolescents' perceptions of stress. J. Early Adolesc. 8(4): 391–403.Google Scholar
  12. Han, Mi-hyun, and Yoo, An-jin (1995). Development of daily hassles scale for children in Korea. J. Korean Home Econ. Assoc. 33(4): 49–64.Google Scholar
  13. Harris, J. R., and Liebert, R. M. (1992). Infant & Child: Development from Birth Through Middle Childhood. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  14. Harter, S. (1986). Manual: Social Support Scale for Children. University of Denver.Google Scholar
  15. Kanner, A. D., Coyne, J. C., Schaefer, C., and Lazarus, R. S. (1981). Comparison of two modes of stress measurement: Daily hassles and uplifts versus major life events. J. Behav. Med. 4(1): 1–39.Google Scholar
  16. Kwak, K. J., and Mun, E. Y. (1993). The relationships of psychological characteristics and depression and antisocial behavior among adolescents. Korean J. Psychol.: Dev. 6(2): 29–43.Google Scholar
  17. Larson, R., and Ham, M. (1993). Stress and “Storm and Stress” in early adolescence: The relationship of negative events with dysphoric affect. Dev. Psychol. 29(1): 130–140.Google Scholar
  18. Levitt, M. J., Guacci-France, N., Levitt, J. L. (1993). Convoys of social support in childhood and early adolescence: Structure and function. Dev. Psychol. 29(5): 811–818.Google Scholar
  19. Monroe, A. M. (1983). Major and minor life events as predictors of psychological distress: Further issues and findings. J. Behav. Med. 6(2): 189–205.Google Scholar
  20. Nor, S., Avison, W., and Kasper, V. (1992). Depression symptoms among Korean immigrants: Assessment of a translation of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scales. Psychol. Assess. 4: 84–91.Google Scholar
  21. Rowlison, R. T., and Felner, R. D. (1988). Major life events, hassles, and adaptation in adolescence: Confounding in the conceptualization and measurement of life stress and adjustment revisited. J. Person. Soc. Psychol. 55(3): 432–444.Google Scholar
  22. Simmons, R. G., Burgeson, R., Carlton-Ford, S., Blyth, D. A. (1987). The impact of cumulative change in early adolescence. Child Dev. 58: 1220–1234.Google Scholar
  23. Thoits, P. A. (1982). Conceptual, methodological, and theoretical problems in studying social support as a buffer against life stress. J. Health Soc. Behav. 23: 145–159.Google Scholar
  24. Wagner, B. M., Compas, B. E., and Howell, D. C. (1988). Daily and major life events: A test of an integrative model of psychosocial stress. Am. J. Commun. Psychol. 16(2): 189–205.Google Scholar
  25. Windle, M. (1992). A longitudinal study of stress buffering for adolescent problem behaviors. Dev. Psychol. 28(3): 522–530.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hee-og Sim
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Home ManagementKunsan National UniversityRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations