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Journal of Gambling Studies

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 69–84 | Cite as

Psychological Characteristics of Volunteers in Studies on Gambling

  • Robert Ladouceur
  • Caroline Arsenault
  • Dominique Dubé
  • Mark H. Freeston
  • Christian Jacques
Article

Abstract

Advertisements were published in local newspapers asking for volunteers to participate in a study on gambling. A battery of eleven questionnaires was mailed to the subjects assessing pathological gambling behavior, sociodemographic characteristics, motivation to gamble, erroneous perceptions about gambling, superstitious beliefs, depressive symptoms, social anxiety and avoidance, alcohol and drug abuse, problem-solving skills, and marital satisfaction. Subjects received $10 when they returned the questionnaires fully completed. Response rate was over 95%. Surprisingly, 29% of the respondents met the criterion for probable pathological gambling (score of 5 or more on the SOGS) and a further 16% were identified as potential pathological gamblers (scores of 3 or 4). The potential and probable pathological gamblers showed significant differences on motivational and cognitive variables related to gambling compared to those subjects who showed no signs of pathological gambling. The probable pathological gamblers reported significantly more signs of poor psychosocial functioning than the other two groups, including depressive symptoms, poor problem orientation, drug and alcohol abuse, and interpersonal conflict. The practical and theoretical implications of these results are discussed.

Keywords

Depressive Symptom Social Anxiety Alcohol Abuse Pathological Gambler Gambling Behavior 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Ladouceur
    • 1
  • Caroline Arsenault
    • 1
  • Dominique Dubé
    • 1
  • Mark H. Freeston
    • 1
  • Christian Jacques
    • 1
  1. 1.Ecole de PsychologieUniversité LavalQuébecCanada

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