Journal of Gender, Culture and Health

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 281–292 | Cite as

The Association of Physical Activity Change with Self-Esteem in Ethnic Minority Women: A Prospective Analysis

  • Sara A. Hickmann
  • Rebecca E. Lee
  • James F. Sallis
  • Cynthia M. Castro
  • Audrey H. Chen


This study examined the association of physical activity with self-esteem in sedentary ethnic minority women. One hundred two women participated in a randomized, controlled trial of a 7-week, behaviorally based telephone and mail intervention that promoted the adoption of walking for exercise. Participants were randomly assigned to an intensive intervention or limited contact group. At the 5-month measurement, both groups reported similar increases in walking, significant improvement in total self-esteem scores, and increases in attractiveness and competency-related esteem scores. Controlling for condition, changes in walking were correlated with changes in total self-esteem. Increases in moderate physical activity were associated with improvements in self-esteem in ethnic minority women.

self-esteem ethnic minority women physical activity walking 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sara A. Hickmann
    • 1
  • Rebecca E. Lee
    • 2
  • James F. Sallis
    • 2
    • 4
  • Cynthia M. Castro
    • 3
  • Audrey H. Chen
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Exercise and Nutritional SciencesSan Diego State UniversitySan Diego
  2. 2.Department of PsychologySan Diego State UniversitySan Diego
  3. 3.James Sallis, Ph.D., SDSU/UCSD Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical PsychologySan Diego
  4. 4.San Diego State University/University of California, San Diego,Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical PsychologySan Diego

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